This study concerns the ontogeny of reticulum cells (RC) in the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) of Wistar and Brown-Norway rats. A panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) directed against RC in peripheral lymphoid organs (antibodies ED10-ED15) was used, together with a recently developed antibody ED17, which recognizes macrophages and Langerhans cells. Early in embryogenesis, staining with common connective tissue markers, ED14 and ED15, was found. ED17-positive cells were present before cells positive to ED1, a pan-macrophage marker, or Ia glycoproteins were observed. The first differentiation of reticulum was seen at the day of birth, when ED10 recognized a distinct area in the nasal mucosa. The first T-lymphocytes were found at the same time. Two days after birth, B-cells and ED11-positive cells were present in the NALT area. Fourteen days after birth, T- and B-cell compartments were recognizable. ED10 was found predominantly in the T-cell area and ED11 was mainly confined to the B-cell compartment. We conclude that the development of the NALT is closely accompanied by the phenotypic specialization of the reticulum. This suggests that the reticulum plays an important role in the compartmentalization of NALT tissue and in the retention of lymphocyte subsets within these compartments.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Cell and Tissue Research|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1993|