Objectives. To assess risk indicators of depressive symptoms in social and personal domains of residents of residential homes. Methods. In a cross-sectional study risk indicators for depressive symptoms (Geriatric Depression Scale) were examined in bivariate and multivariate analyses, four hundred and seventy-nine elderly subjects from 11 residential homes took part in the study. Results. Functional impairment, loneliness, higher education levels, a family history of depression and neuroticism are associated with depressive symptom. Conclusion. The risk indicators of depression found in residential homes are similar to those in the community.