Role of intravenous alteplase on late lesion growth and clinical outcome after stroke treatment

on behalf of the MR CLEAN-NO IV Trial Investigators (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands)

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Several acute ischemic stroke mechanisms that cause lesion growth continue after treatment which is detrimental to long-term clinical outcome. The potential role of intravenous alteplase treatment (IVT), a standard in stroke care, in cessing the physiological processes causing post-treatment lesion development is understudied. We analyzed patients from the MR CLEAN-NO IV trial with good quality 24-hour and 1-week follow-up Non-Contrast CT scans. We delineated hypo- and hyper-dense regions on the scans as lesion. We performed univariable logistic and linear regression to estimate the influence of IVT on the presence (growth > 0 ml) and extent of late lesion growth. The association between late lesion growth and mRS was assessed using ordinal logistic regression. Interaction analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of IVT on this association. Of the 63/116 were randomized to included patients, IVT. Median growth was 8.4(−0.88–26) ml. IVT was not significantly associated with the presence (OR: 1.24 (0.57–2.74, p = 0.59) or extent (β = 5.1(−8.8–19), p = 0.47) of growth. Late lesion growth was associated with worse clinical outcome (aOR: 0.85(0.76–0.95), p < 0.01; per 10 ml). IVT did not influence this association (p = 0.18). We did not find evidence that IVT influences late lesion growth or the relationship between growth and worse clinical outcome. Therapies to reduce lesion development are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Early online date2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

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