PURPOSE: To study whether clinical outcome data from our patient cohort could give support to the new recommendation in the AHA/ASA guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage that states "that microsurgical clipping may receive increased consideration in patients with ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms and large (>50 mL) intraparenchymal hematomas", while clinical outcome data supporting this recommendation are sparse.
METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and radiological data of 81 consecutive patients with MCA aneurysms and concomitant hematomas admitted between January 2006 and December 2015. The relation between (semi-automatically quantified) hematoma volume (< or > 50 ml), neurological condition on admission (poor: GCS < 8 or non-reactive pupils), treatment strategies (no treatment, coiling, or clipping with or without decompression and/or clot removal), and outcome (favorable: mRS score 0-3) was evaluated.
RESULTS: Clinical outcome data were available for 76 patients. A significant difference in favorable outcome (17 vs 68%) was seen when comparing patients with poor and good neurological condition on admission (p < 0.01). Patients with hematomas > 50 ml had similar outcomes for coiling and clipping, all underwent decompression. Patients with hematomas < 50 ml did not show differences in favorable outcome when comparing coiling and clipping with (33 and 31%) or without decompression (90 and 88%).
CONCLUSION: Poor neurological condition on admission, and not large intraparenchymal hematoma volume, was associated with poor clinical outcome. Therefore, even in patients with large hematomas, the neurological condition on admission and the aneurysm configuration seem to be equally important factors to determine the most appropriate treatment strategy.