Safety, Patient-Reported Well-Being, and Physician-Reported Assessment of Walking Ability in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis for Prolonged-Release Fampridine Treatment in Routine Clinical Practice: Results of the LIBERATE Study

Giovanni Castelnovo, Oliver Gerlach, Mark S. Freedman, Arnfin Bergmann, Vladimiro Sinay, Tamara Castillo-Triviño, George Kong, Thijs Koster*, Heather Williams, Arie R. Gafson, Joep Killestein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prolonged-release fampridine (PR-FAM) 10-mg tablet twice daily is the only approved pharmacological treatment for improvement of walking ability in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). LIBERATE assessed the safety/effectiveness of PR-FAM in the real-world. Objectives: The aim of this study was to collect additional safety data, including the incidence rate of seizures and other adverse events (AEs) of interest, from patients with MS taking PR-FAM in routine clinical practice (including patients aged ≥ 65 years and those with pre-existing cardiovascular risk factors). Other objectives included change over time in patient-reported evaluation of physical and psychological impact of MS while taking PR-FAM, and change over time in physician-reported assessment of walking ability in MS patients taking PR-FAM. Methods: Patients with MS newly prescribed PR-FAM were recruited (201 sites, 13 countries). Demographic/safety data were collected at enrolment through 12 months. Physician-rated Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) scores for walking ability, and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale-29 (MSIS-29) were assessed. Results: Safety analysis included 4646 patients with 3534.8 patient-years of exposure; median (range) age, 52.6 (21–85) years, 87.3% < 65 years, and 65.7% women. Treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) were reported in 2448 (52.7%) patients, and serious TEAEs were reported in 279 (6.0%) patients, of whom 37 (< 1%) experienced treatment-emergent serious AEs (TESAEs) considered related to PR-FAM. AEs of special interest (AESI) occurred in 1799 (38.7%) patients, and serious AESI in 128 (2.8%) patients. Seventeen (< 1%) patients experienced actual events of seizure. Overall, 1158 (24.9%) patients discontinued treatment due to lack of efficacy. At 12 months, a greater proportion of patients on-treatment had improvement from baseline in CGI-I for walking ability versus those who discontinued (61% vs. 11%; p < 0.001). MSIS-29 physical impact score improved significantly for patients on-treatment for 12 months versus those who discontinued (mean change, baseline to 12 months: − 9.99 vs. − 0.34 points; p < 0.001). Results were similar for MSIS-29 psychological impact. Conclusion: No new safety concerns were identified in this real-world study, suggesting that routine risk-minimization measures are effective. CGI-I and MSIS-29 scores after 12 months treatment with PR-FAM treatment show clinical benefits consistent with those previously reported. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01480063.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1022
Number of pages14
JournalCNS Drugs
Volume35
Issue number9
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

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