Sarcopenia, obesity, and inflammation - Results from the Trial of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors study

Matteo Cesari*, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Richard N. Baumgartner, Hal H. Atkinson, Brenda W.H.J. Penninx, Leon Lenchik, Shana L. Palla, Walter T. Ambrosius, Russell P. Tracy, Marco Pahor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Age-related body-composition changes are associated with health-related outcomes in elders. This relation may be explained by inflammation and hemostatic abnormalities. Objectives: Our objectives were to evaluate the relation between body-composition measures [body mass index (BMI), total fat mass, and appendicular lean mass (aLM)] and C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and to explore the effect of obesity and sarcopenia on CRP, IL-6, and PAI-1 concentrations. Design: The data are from the Trial of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors (TRAIN) study baseline visit (n = 286; mean age = 66.0 y). Total fat mass and aLM were assessed with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan. Linear regressions were performed between body-composition measures and CRP, IL-6, or PAI-1 concentrations. The effect of sarcopenia and obesity (defined as the percentage of fat mass) on CRP, IL-6, and PAI-1 concentrations was evaluated with the use of analyses of covariance. Results: CRP and IL-6 were positively associated with both BMI [β = 0.027 (P = 0.03) and β = 0.048 (P < 0.001), respectively] and total fat mass [β = 0.049 (P < 0.001) and β = 0.055 (P < 0.001), respectively] and were inversely associated with fat-adjusted aLM [β = -0.629 (P = 0.002) and β = -0.467 (P = 0.02), respectively]. PAI-1 was positively associated with both BMI (β = 0.038, P = 0.005) and total fat mass (β = 0.032, P = 0.007). No significant interaction was found between either obesity or sarcopenia and CRP, IL-6, and PAI-1 concentrations. Obesity remained significantly associated with high CRP and IL-6 concentrations after adjustments for sarcopenia. Conclusions: CRP and IL-6 are positively associated with total fat mass and negatively associated with aLM. Obesity-associated inflammation may play an important role in the age-related process that leads to sarcopenia. The relation of inflammation with sarcopenia was not independent of any of the considered obesity indexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-434
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume82
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

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