Seroprevalence of trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus

Els van der Meijden*, Siamaque Kazem, Manda M. Burgers, Rene Janssens, Jan Nico Bouwes Bavinck, Hester de Melker, Mariet C. Feltkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

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We identified a new polyomavirus in skin lesions from a patient with trichodysplasia spinulosa (TS). Apart from TS being an extremely rare disease, little is known of its epidemiology. On the basis of knowledge regarding other polyomaviruses, we anticipated that infections with trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSV) occur frequently and become symptomatic only in immunocompromised patients. To investigate this hypothesis, we developed and used a Luminex-based TSV viral protein 1 immunoassay, excluded cross-reactivity with phylogenetically related Merkel cell polyomavirus, and measured TSV seroreactivity. Highest reactivity was found in a TS patient. In 528 healthy persons in the Netherlands, a wide range of seroreactivities was measured and resulted in an overall TSV seroprevalence of 70% (range 10% in small children to 80% in adults). In 80 renal transplant patients, seroprevalence was 89%. Infection with the new TSV polyomavirus is common and occurs primarily at a young age.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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