Sex-specific associations of body composition measures with cardiac function and structure after 8 years of follow-up

Sharon Remmelzwaal*, Joline W. J. Beulens, Petra J. M. Elders, Coen D. A. Stehouwer, M. Louis Handoko, Yolande Appelman, Vanessa van Empel, Stephane R. B. Heymans, A. Johanne van Ballegooijen

*Corresponding author for this work

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We investigated the prospective associations of body composition with cardiac structure and function and explored effect modification by sex and whether inflammation was a mediator in these associations. Total body (BF), trunk (TF) and leg fat (LF), and total lean mass (LM) were measured at baseline by a whole body DXA scan. Inflammatory biomarkers and echocardiographic measures were determined both at baseline and follow-up in the Hoorn Study (n = 321). We performed linear regression analyses with body composition measures as determinant and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) or left atrial volume index (LAVI) at follow-up as outcome. Additionally, we performed mediation analysis using inflammation at follow-up as mediator. The study population was 67.7 ± 5.2 years and 50% were female. After adjustment, BF, TF and LF, and LM were associated with LVMI with regression coefficients of 2.9 (0.8; 5.1)g/m2.7, 2.3 (0.6; 4.0)g/m2.7, 2.0 (0.04; 4.0)g/m2.7 and − 2.9 (− 5.1; − 0.7)g/m2.7. Body composition measures were not associated with LVEF or LAVI. These associations were not modified by sex or mediated by inflammation. Body composition could play a role in the pathophysiology of LV hypertrophy. Future research should focus on sex differences in regional adiposity in relation with diastolic dysfunction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number21046
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

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