Sickness absenteeism, work performance, and healthcare use due to respiratory infections for shift and non-shift workers

Marit Middeldorp, Bette Loef, Allard J. van der Beek, Debbie van Baarle, Karin I. Proper*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to compare sickness absenteeism, work performance, and healthcare use due to respiratory infections, as well as general sickness absenteeism and work performance between shift and non-shift workers. In this study, 589 shift and non-shift workers employed in hospitals were included. For 6 months, participants kept a daily record of their influenza-like illness/acute respiratory infection (ILI/ARI) symptoms using a diary application. After an episode of ILI/ARI symptoms ended, participants (n = 531) were questioned about their sickness absenteeism (occurrence and duration in hours), work performance (on a 10 point scale), and healthcare use during the ILI/ARI episode. At the end of the 6 months follow-up, participants (n = 498) were also asked about general sickness absenteeism and work performance in the past 4 weeks. Mixed-model and regression analyses were used to compare absenteeism, work performance, and healthcare use between shift and non-shift workers. No differences were found in sickness absenteeism [Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.00 (95%‒Confidence Interval (CI): 0.61‒1.64)] and work performance [Regression coefficient (B) = −0.19 (95%‒CI: −0.65‒0.26)] due to ILI/ARI between shift and non-shift workers. In addition, healthcare use due to ILI/ARI was similar between shift and non-shift workers. Furthermore, similar general sickness absenteeism rates and work performance levels were found between shift and non-shift workers. As this is the first study that examined the associations with shift work due to ILI/ARI, further studies are needed to confirm our findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1334
Number of pages10
JournalChronobiology International
Volume37
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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