Specifying ICD9, ICPC and ATC codes for the STOPP/START criteria: A multidisciplinary consensus panel

Dominique A. de Groat*, Marloes de Vries, Karlijn J. Joling, Jos P.C.M. Van Campen, Jacqueline G. Hugtenburg, Rob J. Van Marum, Annemieke M.A.Vermeulen windsant-Van Den Tweel, Petra J.M. Elders, Hein P.Van Hout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: the STOPP/START criteria are a promising framework to increase appropriate prescribing in the elderly in clinical practice. However, the current definitions of the STOPP/START criteria are rather non-specific, allowing undesirable variations in interpretation and thus application. The aim of this study was to design specifications of the STOPP/START criteria into international disease and medication codes to facilitate computerised extraction from medical records and databases. Methods: a three round consensus procedure with a multidisciplinary expert panel was organised to prepare, judge and agree on the design of the STOPP/START criteria specifications in corresponding international disease codes (ICD9 and ICPC) and medication codes (ATC). Results: after two rounds consensus was reached for 74% of the STOPP criteria and for 73% of the START criteria. After three rounds full consensus was reached resulting in a specification of 61 out of 62 STOPP criteria and 26 START criteria with their corresponding codes. One criterion could not be specified and for some criteria corresponding disease codes were lacking or imperfect. Conclusion: this study showed the necessity of a consensus procedure as even experts frequently differed on how to specify the STOPP/START criteria. This specification enables next steps such as prognostic validation of these criteria on adverse outcomes and studying the impact of improving appropriate prescribing in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-778
Number of pages6
JournalAge and Ageing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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