Stabilization of cell-cell junctions by active Vitamin D ameliorates uraemia-induced loss of human endothelial barrier function

Marc Vila Cuenca, Jan van Bezu, Rob H. J. Beelen, Marc G. Vervloet, Peter L. Hordijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Uraemia induces endothelial cell (EC) injury and impaired repair capacity, for which the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Active vitamin D (VD) may promote endothelial repair, however, the mechanism that mediates the effects of VD in chronic kidney disease are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated uraemia-induced endothelial damage and the protection against such damage by active VD. Methods: We applied electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) to study real-time responses of human ECs exposed to pooled uraemic and non-uraemic plasma with or without the addition of active VD. The effects of indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol were tested in non-uraemic plasma. Structural changes for vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and F-actin were assessed by immunostaining and quantified. Results: The exposure of ECs to uraemic media significantly decreased endothelial barrier function after 24 h. Cell migration after electrical wounding and recovery of the barrier after thrombin-induced loss of integrity were significantly impaired in uraemic-medium stimulated cells and cells exposed to indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol. This effect on ECIS was dependent on loss of cell-cell interaction. Mechanistically, we found that EC, exposed to uraemic media, displayed disrupted VE-cadherin interactions and F-actin reorganization. VD supplementation rescued both endothelial barrier function and cell-cell interactions in ECs exposed to uraemic media. These events were associated with an increment of VE-cadherin at intercellular junctions. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate a potentially clinically relevant mechanism for uraemia-induced endothelial damage. Furthermore, active VD rescued the uraemic medium-induced loss of cell-cell adhesion, revealing a novel role of active VD in preservation of endothelial integrity during uraemia.
LanguageEnglish
Pages252-264
Number of pages13
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date30 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{c7ee49af14c3418ab6266e47c110178c,
title = "Stabilization of cell-cell junctions by active Vitamin D ameliorates uraemia-induced loss of human endothelial barrier function",
abstract = "Background: Uraemia induces endothelial cell (EC) injury and impaired repair capacity, for which the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Active vitamin D (VD) may promote endothelial repair, however, the mechanism that mediates the effects of VD in chronic kidney disease are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated uraemia-induced endothelial damage and the protection against such damage by active VD. Methods: We applied electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) to study real-time responses of human ECs exposed to pooled uraemic and non-uraemic plasma with or without the addition of active VD. The effects of indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol were tested in non-uraemic plasma. Structural changes for vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and F-actin were assessed by immunostaining and quantified. Results: The exposure of ECs to uraemic media significantly decreased endothelial barrier function after 24 h. Cell migration after electrical wounding and recovery of the barrier after thrombin-induced loss of integrity were significantly impaired in uraemic-medium stimulated cells and cells exposed to indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol. This effect on ECIS was dependent on loss of cell-cell interaction. Mechanistically, we found that EC, exposed to uraemic media, displayed disrupted VE-cadherin interactions and F-actin reorganization. VD supplementation rescued both endothelial barrier function and cell-cell interactions in ECs exposed to uraemic media. These events were associated with an increment of VE-cadherin at intercellular junctions. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate a potentially clinically relevant mechanism for uraemia-induced endothelial damage. Furthermore, active VD rescued the uraemic medium-induced loss of cell-cell adhesion, revealing a novel role of active VD in preservation of endothelial integrity during uraemia.",
author = "Cuenca, {Marc Vila} and {van Bezu}, Jan and Beelen, {Rob H. J.} and Vervloet, {Marc G.} and Hordijk, {Peter L.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/ndt/gfy111",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "252--264",
journal = "Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation",
issn = "0931-0509",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
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}

Stabilization of cell-cell junctions by active Vitamin D ameliorates uraemia-induced loss of human endothelial barrier function. / Cuenca, Marc Vila; van Bezu, Jan; Beelen, Rob H. J.; Vervloet, Marc G.; Hordijk, Peter L.

In: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2019, p. 252-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stabilization of cell-cell junctions by active Vitamin D ameliorates uraemia-induced loss of human endothelial barrier function

AU - Cuenca, Marc Vila

AU - van Bezu, Jan

AU - Beelen, Rob H. J.

AU - Vervloet, Marc G.

AU - Hordijk, Peter L.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Uraemia induces endothelial cell (EC) injury and impaired repair capacity, for which the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Active vitamin D (VD) may promote endothelial repair, however, the mechanism that mediates the effects of VD in chronic kidney disease are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated uraemia-induced endothelial damage and the protection against such damage by active VD. Methods: We applied electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) to study real-time responses of human ECs exposed to pooled uraemic and non-uraemic plasma with or without the addition of active VD. The effects of indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol were tested in non-uraemic plasma. Structural changes for vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and F-actin were assessed by immunostaining and quantified. Results: The exposure of ECs to uraemic media significantly decreased endothelial barrier function after 24 h. Cell migration after electrical wounding and recovery of the barrier after thrombin-induced loss of integrity were significantly impaired in uraemic-medium stimulated cells and cells exposed to indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol. This effect on ECIS was dependent on loss of cell-cell interaction. Mechanistically, we found that EC, exposed to uraemic media, displayed disrupted VE-cadherin interactions and F-actin reorganization. VD supplementation rescued both endothelial barrier function and cell-cell interactions in ECs exposed to uraemic media. These events were associated with an increment of VE-cadherin at intercellular junctions. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate a potentially clinically relevant mechanism for uraemia-induced endothelial damage. Furthermore, active VD rescued the uraemic medium-induced loss of cell-cell adhesion, revealing a novel role of active VD in preservation of endothelial integrity during uraemia.

AB - Background: Uraemia induces endothelial cell (EC) injury and impaired repair capacity, for which the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Active vitamin D (VD) may promote endothelial repair, however, the mechanism that mediates the effects of VD in chronic kidney disease are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated uraemia-induced endothelial damage and the protection against such damage by active VD. Methods: We applied electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) to study real-time responses of human ECs exposed to pooled uraemic and non-uraemic plasma with or without the addition of active VD. The effects of indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol were tested in non-uraemic plasma. Structural changes for vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and F-actin were assessed by immunostaining and quantified. Results: The exposure of ECs to uraemic media significantly decreased endothelial barrier function after 24 h. Cell migration after electrical wounding and recovery of the barrier after thrombin-induced loss of integrity were significantly impaired in uraemic-medium stimulated cells and cells exposed to indoxyl sulphate and p-cresol. This effect on ECIS was dependent on loss of cell-cell interaction. Mechanistically, we found that EC, exposed to uraemic media, displayed disrupted VE-cadherin interactions and F-actin reorganization. VD supplementation rescued both endothelial barrier function and cell-cell interactions in ECs exposed to uraemic media. These events were associated with an increment of VE-cadherin at intercellular junctions. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate a potentially clinically relevant mechanism for uraemia-induced endothelial damage. Furthermore, active VD rescued the uraemic medium-induced loss of cell-cell adhesion, revealing a novel role of active VD in preservation of endothelial integrity during uraemia.

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UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29718431

U2 - 10.1093/ndt/gfy111

DO - 10.1093/ndt/gfy111

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 252

EP - 264

JO - Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation

T2 - Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation

JF - Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation

SN - 0931-0509

IS - 2

ER -