Statin and Cancer Mortality and Survival: An Umbrella Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Gwang Hun Jeong, Keum Hwa Lee, Jong Yeob Kim, Michael Eisenhut, Andreas Kronbichler, Hans J van der Vliet, Jae Il Shin, Gabriele Gamerith

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to provide an overview and understand the strength of evidence and the extent of potential biases and the validity of claimed associations between the use of statins and cancer mortality or survival. We performed a comprehensive umbrella review of meta-analyses and systematically appraised the relevant meta-analyses of observational studies on the associations between statin use and cancer mortality or survival in various kinds of cancer. We searched the PubMed database and screened the reference list of relevant articles. We obtained the summary effect, 95% confidence interval, heterogeneity, and also examined small study effects and 95% prediction intervals for effect sizes, and the level of evidence was determined from the criteria. Regarding cancer mortality, statin use showed convincing evidence for an association with a reduced cancer-specific mortality rate for colorectal cancer. Four associations with reduced all-cause mortality (for breast cancer, colorectal cancer, endocrine-related gynecological cancer, and ovarian cancer) had a suggestive evidence. Moreover, analyses in nine cancers showed a weak level of evidence, while the remaining 15 did not indicate significant changes in either direction. Although there was a preventive effect of statin on cancer mortality in some cancer types, the evidence supporting the use of statins to reduce cancer mortality or survival was low.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2020

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