Study protocol for the TRUSt trial: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial comparing the standard of care with a transitional pain service for patients at risk of chronic postsurgical pain undergoing surgery

Manouk Admiraal, Henning Hermanns*, Jeroen Hermanides, Carin G. C. L. Wensing, Soe L. Meinsma, Hans C. H. Wartenberg, Martin V. H. Rutten, Vivian M. C. Ward - van der Stam, Markus W. Hollmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction Patients with either surgery-related or patient-related risk factors are at an increased risk of acute and chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and long-term opioid use. To improve recovery, prevent CPSP and decrease opioid use, we need to identify these patients before surgery and provide a multidisciplinary pain management strategy throughout hospital admission and follow-up in the postdischarge period. We hypothesise that a multidisciplinary transitional pain service (TPS) improves quality of recovery and reduce the incidence of CPSP and opioid consumption. Methods and analysis We aim to investigate the effectiveness of implementation of a TPS for patients at risk of developing CPSP. The trial design is a pragmatic, open-label, randomised controlled trial (RCT). After stratification for sex, patients are randomly assigned to the TPS or standard of care (SOC) group. Our primary outcome is the quality of recovery, measured at the morning of the third postoperative day, employing the quality of recovery (QoR)-15 questionnaire. Secondary outcomes are the incidence of CPSP, opioid consumption and patient-reported outcome measures at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. We need to enrol 176 patients to detect a minimal clinical important difference of 8 points on the QoR-15 score. Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval was obtained by the accredited medical research ethics committee of the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam (2020_211) on 15 October 2020. Protocol version 3.2 was approved on 25 January 2020. The trial is registered with the Netherlands Trial Register, NL9115. The results will be disseminated by open access publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Trial registration number NL9115
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere049676
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2021

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