Objective To determine whether the implementation of a national program to improve quality of care in geriatric rehabilitation (GR) in the Netherlands improves successful GR in terms of independence in activities of daily living (ADL), discharge destination, and length of stay. Design Prospective longitudinal study, comparing 2 consecutive cohorts: at the start of implementation (n = 386) and at 1 year after implementation (n = 357) of this program. Setting/Participants Included were 16 skilled nursing facilities, 743 patients (median age 80 years, interquartile range 72–85; 64.5% females) indicated for GR and their health care professionals (elderly care physicians, physiotherapists, and nursing staff). Intervention National program to stimulate self-organizing capacity to develop integrated care to improve GR service delivery in 4 domains: alignment with patients’ (care) needs, care coordination, team cooperation, and quality of care. Measurements Data on patients’ characteristics, functional outcomes at admission and discharge, length of stay, and discharge destination were collected via an online questionnaire sent to health care professionals. The primary outcome measure was successful rehabilitation defined as independence in ADL (Barthel Index ≥15), discharge home, and a short length of stay (lowest 25% per diagnostic group). Generalized estimating equation analysis was used to adjust for age, gender, and clustering effects in the total population and for the 2 largest diagnostic subgroups, traumatic injuries and stroke. Results In the total population, at 1 year postimplementation there was 12% more ADL independence [odds ratio (OR) 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00–2.54]. Although successful rehabilitation (independence in ADL, discharge home, short length of stay) was similar in the 2 cohorts, patients with traumatic injuries were more successful 1 year postimplementation (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.01–2.54). In stroke patients, successful rehabilitation was similar between the cohorts, but with more independence in ADL in the follow-up cohort (OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.09–3.63). Conclusions This study shows that 1-year after the implementation of the Dutch national program to improve quality of care there was more independence in ADL at discharge, but the combined outcome of successful GR (independence in ADL, discharge home, short length of stay) was only significantly improved in patients with traumatic injuries.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the American Medical Directors Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2017|