Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have chemopreventive potential against colorectal carcinomas (CRCs). Inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 underlies part of this effect, although COX-2-independent mechanisms may also exist. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs appear to inhibit the initial stages of the adenoma-carcinoma sequence, suggesting a link to the APC/β-catenin/ TCF pathway (Wnt-signalling pathway). Therefore, the effect of the NSAID sulindac on nuclear (nonphosphorylated) β-catenin and β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription was investigated. Nuclear β-catenin expression was assessed in pretreatment colorectal adenomas and in adenomas after treatment with sulindac from five patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Also, the effect of sulindac sulphide on β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription was studied. Adenomas of FAP patients collected after treatment with sulindac for up to 6 months showed less nuclear β-catenin expression compared to pretreatment adenomas of the same patients. Sulindac sulphide abrogated β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription in the CRC cell lines DLDI and SW480, and decreased the levels of nonphosphorylated β-catenin. As a result, the protein levels of the positively regulated TCF targets Met and cyclin DI were downregulated after sulindac treatment. This study provides in vivo and in vitro evidence that nuclear β-catenin localisation and β-catenin/TCF-regulated transcription of target genes can be inhibited by sulindac. The inhibition of Wnt-signalling provides an explanation for the COX-2-independent mechanism of chemoprevention by NSAIDs.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Jan 2004|