Synthetic peptide-alkaline phosphatase conjugates can be used to detect the epitope specificity of (i) antibody-forming cells in vivo by immunocytochemistry; (ii) of antibody secreting cells in vitro by spot-ELISA; and (iii) antibodies in solution by capture ELISA. The availability of synthetic peptide-enzyme conjugates using detector enzymes other than alkaline phosphatase would offer several important advantages, for example in double staining approaches. This paper reports the production of synthetic peptide-horseradish peroxidase conjugates and synthetic peptide-β-galactosidase conjugates. A peptide of 21 amino acids (SP 29) was coupled to peroxidase in seven differing molar ratios of peptide over peroxidase, ranging from 1:3.4 to 1:575, using periodate oxidation of the enzyme. SP 29 was coupled to β-galactosidase in four molar ratios ranging from 1.25 to 10, using glutaraldehyde pre-activation of the enzyme. The enzyme activity of the different conjugates was determined, the conjugates were tested in direct capture-ELISA with peptide-specific monoclonal antibodies, and the conjugates were tested in immunocytochemistry to detect peptide-specific B cells. The results show that the conjugates perform best if the peptide is coupled to the enzyme at relatively low molar ratios (1-30). The availability of these new peptide-enzyme conjugates broadens the applicability of synthetic peptides for detection purposes in several assay systems.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunological Methods|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Dec 1991|