Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological interventions in people with diabetes and elevated diabetes-distress

C. B. Schmidt, B. J.Potter van Loon, A. C.M. Vergouwen, F. J. Snoek, A. Honig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The clinical relevance of diabetes-distress is increasingly recognized, but little is known about the efficacy of interventions specifically targeted to treat elevated diabetes-distress. Therefore, this systematic review sought to determine the efficacy of psychological interventions aimed at treating elevated diabetes-distress in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Methods: We systematically searched literature from five databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an English abstract, describing the results of a psychological intervention in adults with diabetes were included. Articles were eligible for inclusion if the primary outcome was diabetes-distress measured by the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID-5/PAID-20) or the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17). Only mean group diabetes-distress values above cut-off at baseline or the results of a subgroup above cut-off (PAID-5 ≥ 8, PAID-20 ≥ 40 or DDS-17 ≥ 3) were included. Results: The search yielded 8907 articles. After removing 2800 duplicates, 6107 articles remained. Titles and abstracts were screened, leaving 394 potential articles of interest, nine of which were RCTs. In a random-effects meta-analysis, the pooled effect size for diabetes-distress was 0.48 (Cohen's d), Z = 3.91, P < 0.0001. Statistical heterogeneity was I² = 46.67% (confidence intervals 45.06% to 48.28%). Diabetes-tailored psychological interventions reduced HbA1c (Cohen's d = 0.57), whereas mindfulness-based interventions did not (Cohen's d = 0.11). Conclusions: This systematic review shows that specifically diabetes-tailored psychological interventions are effective in reducing elevated diabetes-distress and HbA1c. More rigorous studies are warranted to establish the full potential of these interventions. PROSPERO database registration ID: CRD42017075290.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1172
Number of pages16
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Cite this

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title = "Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological interventions in people with diabetes and elevated diabetes-distress",
abstract = "Aims: The clinical relevance of diabetes-distress is increasingly recognized, but little is known about the efficacy of interventions specifically targeted to treat elevated diabetes-distress. Therefore, this systematic review sought to determine the efficacy of psychological interventions aimed at treating elevated diabetes-distress in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Methods: We systematically searched literature from five databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an English abstract, describing the results of a psychological intervention in adults with diabetes were included. Articles were eligible for inclusion if the primary outcome was diabetes-distress measured by the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID-5/PAID-20) or the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17). Only mean group diabetes-distress values above cut-off at baseline or the results of a subgroup above cut-off (PAID-5 ≥ 8, PAID-20 ≥ 40 or DDS-17 ≥ 3) were included. Results: The search yielded 8907 articles. After removing 2800 duplicates, 6107 articles remained. Titles and abstracts were screened, leaving 394 potential articles of interest, nine of which were RCTs. In a random-effects meta-analysis, the pooled effect size for diabetes-distress was 0.48 (Cohen's d), Z = 3.91, P < 0.0001. Statistical heterogeneity was I² = 46.67{\%} (confidence intervals 45.06{\%} to 48.28{\%}). Diabetes-tailored psychological interventions reduced HbA1c (Cohen's d = 0.57), whereas mindfulness-based interventions did not (Cohen's d = 0.11). Conclusions: This systematic review shows that specifically diabetes-tailored psychological interventions are effective in reducing elevated diabetes-distress and HbA1c. More rigorous studies are warranted to establish the full potential of these interventions. PROSPERO database registration ID: CRD42017075290.",
author = "Schmidt, {C. B.} and {van Loon}, {B. J.Potter} and Vergouwen, {A. C.M.} and Snoek, {F. J.} and A. Honig",
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Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological interventions in people with diabetes and elevated diabetes-distress. / Schmidt, C. B.; van Loon, B. J.Potter; Vergouwen, A. C.M.; Snoek, F. J.; Honig, A.

In: Diabetic Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 9, 01.09.2018, p. 1157-1172.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological interventions in people with diabetes and elevated diabetes-distress

AU - Schmidt, C. B.

AU - van Loon, B. J.Potter

AU - Vergouwen, A. C.M.

AU - Snoek, F. J.

AU - Honig, A.

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Aims: The clinical relevance of diabetes-distress is increasingly recognized, but little is known about the efficacy of interventions specifically targeted to treat elevated diabetes-distress. Therefore, this systematic review sought to determine the efficacy of psychological interventions aimed at treating elevated diabetes-distress in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Methods: We systematically searched literature from five databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an English abstract, describing the results of a psychological intervention in adults with diabetes were included. Articles were eligible for inclusion if the primary outcome was diabetes-distress measured by the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID-5/PAID-20) or the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17). Only mean group diabetes-distress values above cut-off at baseline or the results of a subgroup above cut-off (PAID-5 ≥ 8, PAID-20 ≥ 40 or DDS-17 ≥ 3) were included. Results: The search yielded 8907 articles. After removing 2800 duplicates, 6107 articles remained. Titles and abstracts were screened, leaving 394 potential articles of interest, nine of which were RCTs. In a random-effects meta-analysis, the pooled effect size for diabetes-distress was 0.48 (Cohen's d), Z = 3.91, P < 0.0001. Statistical heterogeneity was I² = 46.67% (confidence intervals 45.06% to 48.28%). Diabetes-tailored psychological interventions reduced HbA1c (Cohen's d = 0.57), whereas mindfulness-based interventions did not (Cohen's d = 0.11). Conclusions: This systematic review shows that specifically diabetes-tailored psychological interventions are effective in reducing elevated diabetes-distress and HbA1c. More rigorous studies are warranted to establish the full potential of these interventions. PROSPERO database registration ID: CRD42017075290.

AB - Aims: The clinical relevance of diabetes-distress is increasingly recognized, but little is known about the efficacy of interventions specifically targeted to treat elevated diabetes-distress. Therefore, this systematic review sought to determine the efficacy of psychological interventions aimed at treating elevated diabetes-distress in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Methods: We systematically searched literature from five databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an English abstract, describing the results of a psychological intervention in adults with diabetes were included. Articles were eligible for inclusion if the primary outcome was diabetes-distress measured by the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID-5/PAID-20) or the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17). Only mean group diabetes-distress values above cut-off at baseline or the results of a subgroup above cut-off (PAID-5 ≥ 8, PAID-20 ≥ 40 or DDS-17 ≥ 3) were included. Results: The search yielded 8907 articles. After removing 2800 duplicates, 6107 articles remained. Titles and abstracts were screened, leaving 394 potential articles of interest, nine of which were RCTs. In a random-effects meta-analysis, the pooled effect size for diabetes-distress was 0.48 (Cohen's d), Z = 3.91, P < 0.0001. Statistical heterogeneity was I² = 46.67% (confidence intervals 45.06% to 48.28%). Diabetes-tailored psychological interventions reduced HbA1c (Cohen's d = 0.57), whereas mindfulness-based interventions did not (Cohen's d = 0.11). Conclusions: This systematic review shows that specifically diabetes-tailored psychological interventions are effective in reducing elevated diabetes-distress and HbA1c. More rigorous studies are warranted to establish the full potential of these interventions. PROSPERO database registration ID: CRD42017075290.

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U2 - 10.1111/dme.13709

DO - 10.1111/dme.13709

M3 - Review article

VL - 35

SP - 1157

EP - 1172

JO - Diabetic Medicine

JF - Diabetic Medicine

SN - 0742-3071

IS - 9

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