Targeting non-human coronaviruses to human cancer cells using a bispecific single-chain antibody

T Würdinger, M H Verheije, M Raaben, B J Bosch, C A M de Haan, V W van Beusechem, P J M Rottier, W R Gerritsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To explore the potential of using non-human coronaviruses for cancer therapy, we first established their ability to kill human tumor cells. We found that the feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) and a felinized murine hepatitis virus (fMHV), both normally incapable of infecting human cells, could rapidly and effectively kill human cancer cells artificially expressing the feline coronavirus receptor aminopeptidase N. Also 3-D multilayer tumor spheroids established from such cells were effectively eradicated. Next, we investigated whether FIPV and fMHV could be targeted to human cancer cells by constructing a bispecific single-chain antibody directed on the one hand against the feline coronavirus spike protein--responsible for receptor binding and subsequent cell entry through virus-cell membrane fusion--and on the other hand against the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The targeting antibody mediated specific infection of EGFR-expressing human cancer cells by both coronaviruses. Furthermore, in the presence of the targeting antibody, infected cancer cells formed syncytia typical of productive coronavirus infection. By their potent cytotoxicity, the selective targeting of non-human coronaviruses to human cancer cells provides a rationale for further investigations into the use of these viruses as anticancer agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1394-1404
Number of pages11
JournalGene Therapy
Volume12
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

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