The 12-item well-being questionnaire: An evaluation of its validity and reliability in Dutch people with diabetes

François Pouwer, Henk M. Van Der Ploeg, Herman J. Ader, Robert J. Heine, Frank J. Snoek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - The objective of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the short-form 12-Item Well-Being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). The 12 items were used to construct the three 4-item subscales Negative Well- Being (NWB), Energy (ENE), and Positive Well-Being (PWB), and the 12-item overall scale General Well-Being (GWB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,472 patients with diabetes completed the WBQI2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Statistics covered Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation, t tests, and logistic regression. Test- retest reliability was studied in a sample of 202 patients who twice completed the W-BQ12, which was supplemented with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale and the Short Form (5F):36 Health Survey. RESULTS - Of the tested subjects, 739 were defined as having type 1 diabetes and 701 as having type 2 diabetes. Cronbach's α proved to be high and stable across sex and type of diabetes for all W-BQ12 scales. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.66 (PWB) to 0.83 (GWB), with a mean interval of 66 ± 14 days. Convergent validity of the W-BQ12 scales was supported by high correlations with other measures of affect. Of all scales of the first measurement, ENE proved to have the strongest association with self-reported chronic fatigue. NWB and trait anxiety both had the strongest associations with self-reported depression and current treatment by a psychologist/psychiatrist. CONCLUSIONS - The W-BQ12 appeared robe a reliable and valid measure of psychological well-being. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be considered a useful tool for both clinicians and researchers to assess the psychological well-being of patients with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2004-2010
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

Cite this

@article{19c2a6288a7d41f382cea606c175d512,
title = "The 12-item well-being questionnaire: An evaluation of its validity and reliability in Dutch people with diabetes",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE - The objective of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the short-form 12-Item Well-Being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). The 12 items were used to construct the three 4-item subscales Negative Well- Being (NWB), Energy (ENE), and Positive Well-Being (PWB), and the 12-item overall scale General Well-Being (GWB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,472 patients with diabetes completed the WBQI2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Statistics covered Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation, t tests, and logistic regression. Test- retest reliability was studied in a sample of 202 patients who twice completed the W-BQ12, which was supplemented with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale and the Short Form (5F):36 Health Survey. RESULTS - Of the tested subjects, 739 were defined as having type 1 diabetes and 701 as having type 2 diabetes. Cronbach's α proved to be high and stable across sex and type of diabetes for all W-BQ12 scales. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.66 (PWB) to 0.83 (GWB), with a mean interval of 66 ± 14 days. Convergent validity of the W-BQ12 scales was supported by high correlations with other measures of affect. Of all scales of the first measurement, ENE proved to have the strongest association with self-reported chronic fatigue. NWB and trait anxiety both had the strongest associations with self-reported depression and current treatment by a psychologist/psychiatrist. CONCLUSIONS - The W-BQ12 appeared robe a reliable and valid measure of psychological well-being. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be considered a useful tool for both clinicians and researchers to assess the psychological well-being of patients with diabetes.",
author = "Fran{\cc}ois Pouwer and {Van Der Ploeg}, {Henk M.} and Ader, {Herman J.} and Heine, {Robert J.} and Snoek, {Frank J.}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2337/diacare.22.12.2004",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "2004--2010",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "0149-5992",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "12",

}

The 12-item well-being questionnaire : An evaluation of its validity and reliability in Dutch people with diabetes. / Pouwer, François; Van Der Ploeg, Henk M.; Ader, Herman J.; Heine, Robert J.; Snoek, Frank J.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 22, No. 12, 01.01.1999, p. 2004-2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The 12-item well-being questionnaire

T2 - An evaluation of its validity and reliability in Dutch people with diabetes

AU - Pouwer, François

AU - Van Der Ploeg, Henk M.

AU - Ader, Herman J.

AU - Heine, Robert J.

AU - Snoek, Frank J.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE - The objective of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the short-form 12-Item Well-Being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). The 12 items were used to construct the three 4-item subscales Negative Well- Being (NWB), Energy (ENE), and Positive Well-Being (PWB), and the 12-item overall scale General Well-Being (GWB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,472 patients with diabetes completed the WBQI2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Statistics covered Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation, t tests, and logistic regression. Test- retest reliability was studied in a sample of 202 patients who twice completed the W-BQ12, which was supplemented with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale and the Short Form (5F):36 Health Survey. RESULTS - Of the tested subjects, 739 were defined as having type 1 diabetes and 701 as having type 2 diabetes. Cronbach's α proved to be high and stable across sex and type of diabetes for all W-BQ12 scales. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.66 (PWB) to 0.83 (GWB), with a mean interval of 66 ± 14 days. Convergent validity of the W-BQ12 scales was supported by high correlations with other measures of affect. Of all scales of the first measurement, ENE proved to have the strongest association with self-reported chronic fatigue. NWB and trait anxiety both had the strongest associations with self-reported depression and current treatment by a psychologist/psychiatrist. CONCLUSIONS - The W-BQ12 appeared robe a reliable and valid measure of psychological well-being. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be considered a useful tool for both clinicians and researchers to assess the psychological well-being of patients with diabetes.

AB - OBJECTIVE - The objective of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the short-form 12-Item Well-Being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). The 12 items were used to construct the three 4-item subscales Negative Well- Being (NWB), Energy (ENE), and Positive Well-Being (PWB), and the 12-item overall scale General Well-Being (GWB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,472 patients with diabetes completed the WBQI2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Statistics covered Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation, t tests, and logistic regression. Test- retest reliability was studied in a sample of 202 patients who twice completed the W-BQ12, which was supplemented with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale and the Short Form (5F):36 Health Survey. RESULTS - Of the tested subjects, 739 were defined as having type 1 diabetes and 701 as having type 2 diabetes. Cronbach's α proved to be high and stable across sex and type of diabetes for all W-BQ12 scales. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.66 (PWB) to 0.83 (GWB), with a mean interval of 66 ± 14 days. Convergent validity of the W-BQ12 scales was supported by high correlations with other measures of affect. Of all scales of the first measurement, ENE proved to have the strongest association with self-reported chronic fatigue. NWB and trait anxiety both had the strongest associations with self-reported depression and current treatment by a psychologist/psychiatrist. CONCLUSIONS - The W-BQ12 appeared robe a reliable and valid measure of psychological well-being. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be considered a useful tool for both clinicians and researchers to assess the psychological well-being of patients with diabetes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033361061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/diacare.22.12.2004

DO - 10.2337/diacare.22.12.2004

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 2004

EP - 2010

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 0149-5992

IS - 12

ER -