The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory

Erik Van der Burg, Christian N Olivers, Adelbei W Bronkhorst, Thomas Koelewijn, Jan Theeuwes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target--a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory-visual AB for visual letter recognition when streams of tones are used is due to the efficient use of echoic memory, allowing for the postponement of auditory processing. However, forcing participants to immediately process the auditory target, either by presenting interfering sounds during retrieval or by making the first target directly relevant for a speeded response to the second target, did not result in a return of a cross-modal AB. Thefindings argue against echoic memory as an explanation for efficient cross-modal processing. Instead, we hypothesized that a cross-modal AB may be observed when the different modalities use common representations, such as semantic representations. In support of this, a deficit for visual letter recognition returned when the auditory task required a distinction between spoken digits and letters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1230-41
Number of pages12
JournalPerception & Psychophysics
Volume69
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Cite this

Van der Burg, E., Olivers, C. N., Bronkhorst, A. W., Koelewijn, T., & Theeuwes, J. (2007). The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory. Perception & Psychophysics, 69(7), 1230-41.
Van der Burg, Erik ; Olivers, Christian N ; Bronkhorst, Adelbei W ; Koelewijn, Thomas ; Theeuwes, Jan. / The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory. In: Perception & Psychophysics. 2007 ; Vol. 69, No. 7. pp. 1230-41.
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abstract = "The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target--a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory-visual AB for visual letter recognition when streams of tones are used is due to the efficient use of echoic memory, allowing for the postponement of auditory processing. However, forcing participants to immediately process the auditory target, either by presenting interfering sounds during retrieval or by making the first target directly relevant for a speeded response to the second target, did not result in a return of a cross-modal AB. Thefindings argue against echoic memory as an explanation for efficient cross-modal processing. Instead, we hypothesized that a cross-modal AB may be observed when the different modalities use common representations, such as semantic representations. In support of this, a deficit for visual letter recognition returned when the auditory task required a distinction between spoken digits and letters.",
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Van der Burg, E, Olivers, CN, Bronkhorst, AW, Koelewijn, T & Theeuwes, J 2007, 'The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory' Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 1230-41.

The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory. / Van der Burg, Erik; Olivers, Christian N; Bronkhorst, Adelbei W; Koelewijn, Thomas; Theeuwes, Jan.

In: Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 69, No. 7, 10.2007, p. 1230-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory

AU - Van der Burg, Erik

AU - Olivers, Christian N

AU - Bronkhorst, Adelbei W

AU - Koelewijn, Thomas

AU - Theeuwes, Jan

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N2 - The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target--a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory-visual AB for visual letter recognition when streams of tones are used is due to the efficient use of echoic memory, allowing for the postponement of auditory processing. However, forcing participants to immediately process the auditory target, either by presenting interfering sounds during retrieval or by making the first target directly relevant for a speeded response to the second target, did not result in a return of a cross-modal AB. Thefindings argue against echoic memory as an explanation for efficient cross-modal processing. Instead, we hypothesized that a cross-modal AB may be observed when the different modalities use common representations, such as semantic representations. In support of this, a deficit for visual letter recognition returned when the auditory task required a distinction between spoken digits and letters.

AB - The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target--a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory-visual AB for visual letter recognition when streams of tones are used is due to the efficient use of echoic memory, allowing for the postponement of auditory processing. However, forcing participants to immediately process the auditory target, either by presenting interfering sounds during retrieval or by making the first target directly relevant for a speeded response to the second target, did not result in a return of a cross-modal AB. Thefindings argue against echoic memory as an explanation for efficient cross-modal processing. Instead, we hypothesized that a cross-modal AB may be observed when the different modalities use common representations, such as semantic representations. In support of this, a deficit for visual letter recognition returned when the auditory task required a distinction between spoken digits and letters.

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KW - Semantics

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Van der Burg E, Olivers CN, Bronkhorst AW, Koelewijn T, Theeuwes J. The absence of an auditory-visual attentional blink is not due to echoic memory. Perception & Psychophysics. 2007 Oct;69(7):1230-41.