The association between dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms over time: the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study: British Journal of Nutrition

E. Vermeulen, K. Stronks, M. Visser, I. A. Brouwer, Aart H. Schene, R.J.T. Mocking, M. Colpo, S. Bandinelli, L. Ferrucci, M. Nicolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to identify dietary patterns using reduced rank regression (RRR) and to explore their associations with depressive symptoms over 9 years in the Invecchiare in Chianti study. At baseline, 1362 participants (55.4% women) aged 18-102 years (mean age 68 (SD 15.5) years) were included in the study. Baseline data collection started in 1998 and was repeated after 3, 6 and 9 years. Dietary intake information was obtained using a country-specific, validated FFQ with 188 food items. For baseline diet, dietary pattern scores in quartiles (Q) were derived using RRR with the nutrients EPA+DHA, folate, Mg and Zn as response variables. Continuous depression scores from the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were used for assessing depressive symptoms. The derived dietary pattern was rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruit, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat, and was labelled as 'typical Tuscan dietary pattern'. After full adjustment, an inverse association was observed between this dietary pattern and depressive symptoms at baseline (Q1 v. Q4, B -2.77; 95% CI -4.55, -0.98). When examining the relationship between the above-mentioned dietary pattern at baseline and depressive symptoms over 9 years, a similar association was found after full adjustment for confounding factors (Q1 v. Q4, B -1.78; 95% CI -3.17, -0.38). A diet rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruits, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat was consistently associated with lower CES-D scores over a 9-year period in the Tuscan population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2145-2153
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this

Vermeulen, E. ; Stronks, K. ; Visser, M. ; Brouwer, I. A. ; Schene, Aart H. ; Mocking, R.J.T. ; Colpo, M. ; Bandinelli, S. ; Ferrucci, L. ; Nicolaou, M. / The association between dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms over time: the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study : British Journal of Nutrition. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 115. pp. 2145-2153.
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title = "The association between dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms over time: the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study: British Journal of Nutrition",
abstract = "This study aimed to identify dietary patterns using reduced rank regression (RRR) and to explore their associations with depressive symptoms over 9 years in the Invecchiare in Chianti study. At baseline, 1362 participants (55.4{\%} women) aged 18-102 years (mean age 68 (SD 15.5) years) were included in the study. Baseline data collection started in 1998 and was repeated after 3, 6 and 9 years. Dietary intake information was obtained using a country-specific, validated FFQ with 188 food items. For baseline diet, dietary pattern scores in quartiles (Q) were derived using RRR with the nutrients EPA+DHA, folate, Mg and Zn as response variables. Continuous depression scores from the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were used for assessing depressive symptoms. The derived dietary pattern was rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruit, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat, and was labelled as 'typical Tuscan dietary pattern'. After full adjustment, an inverse association was observed between this dietary pattern and depressive symptoms at baseline (Q1 v. Q4, B -2.77; 95{\%} CI -4.55, -0.98). When examining the relationship between the above-mentioned dietary pattern at baseline and depressive symptoms over 9 years, a similar association was found after full adjustment for confounding factors (Q1 v. Q4, B -1.78; 95{\%} CI -3.17, -0.38). A diet rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruits, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat was consistently associated with lower CES-D scores over a 9-year period in the Tuscan population.",
author = "E. Vermeulen and K. Stronks and M. Visser and Brouwer, {I. A.} and Schene, {Aart H.} and R.J.T. Mocking and M. Colpo and S. Bandinelli and L. Ferrucci and M. Nicolaou",
note = "M1 - 12 ISI Document Delivery No.: DO7PB Times Cited: 1 Cited Reference Count: 46 Vermeulen, Esther Stronks, Karien Visser, Marjolein Brouwer, Ingeborg A. Schene, Aart H. Mocking, Roel J. T. Colpo, Marco Bandinelli, Stefania Ferrucci, Luigi Nicolaou, Mary EU [613598]; Italian Ministry of Health [ICS110.1/RF97.71]; US National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD [236 MD 916413, 236 MD 821336]; US National Institute on Aging [N.1-AG-1-1, N.1-AG-1-2111]; US National Institute on Aging - National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health [N01-AG-5-0002] Funding for this research was provided by EU FP7 MooD-FOOD Project 'Multi-country cOllaborative project on the rOle of Diet, FOod-related behaviour, and Obesity in the prevention of Depression', grant agreement no. 613598. The InCHIANTI study baseline (1998-2000) was funded by the Italian Ministry of Health (ICS110.1/RF97.71) and in part by the US National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD (contracts: 236 MD 916413 and 236 MD 821336). The InCHIANTI follow-up 1 (2001-2003) was funded by the US National Institute on Aging (contracts: N.1-AG-1-1 and N.1-AG-1-2111); the InCHIANTI follow-ups two and three (2004-2010) were financed by the US National Institute on Aging (contract: N01-AG-5-0002), supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health. 1 5 11 CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS CAMBRIDGE BRIT J NUTR",
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The association between dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms over time: the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study : British Journal of Nutrition. / Vermeulen, E.; Stronks, K.; Visser, M.; Brouwer, I. A.; Schene, Aart H.; Mocking, R.J.T.; Colpo, M.; Bandinelli, S.; Ferrucci, L.; Nicolaou, M.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 115, 2016, p. 2145-2153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The association between dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms over time: the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study

T2 - British Journal of Nutrition

AU - Vermeulen, E.

AU - Stronks, K.

AU - Visser, M.

AU - Brouwer, I. A.

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AU - Colpo, M.

AU - Bandinelli, S.

AU - Ferrucci, L.

AU - Nicolaou, M.

N1 - M1 - 12 ISI Document Delivery No.: DO7PB Times Cited: 1 Cited Reference Count: 46 Vermeulen, Esther Stronks, Karien Visser, Marjolein Brouwer, Ingeborg A. Schene, Aart H. Mocking, Roel J. T. Colpo, Marco Bandinelli, Stefania Ferrucci, Luigi Nicolaou, Mary EU [613598]; Italian Ministry of Health [ICS110.1/RF97.71]; US National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD [236 MD 916413, 236 MD 821336]; US National Institute on Aging [N.1-AG-1-1, N.1-AG-1-2111]; US National Institute on Aging - National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health [N01-AG-5-0002] Funding for this research was provided by EU FP7 MooD-FOOD Project 'Multi-country cOllaborative project on the rOle of Diet, FOod-related behaviour, and Obesity in the prevention of Depression', grant agreement no. 613598. The InCHIANTI study baseline (1998-2000) was funded by the Italian Ministry of Health (ICS110.1/RF97.71) and in part by the US National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD (contracts: 236 MD 916413 and 236 MD 821336). The InCHIANTI follow-up 1 (2001-2003) was funded by the US National Institute on Aging (contracts: N.1-AG-1-1 and N.1-AG-1-2111); the InCHIANTI follow-ups two and three (2004-2010) were financed by the US National Institute on Aging (contract: N01-AG-5-0002), supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health. 1 5 11 CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS CAMBRIDGE BRIT J NUTR

PY - 2016

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N2 - This study aimed to identify dietary patterns using reduced rank regression (RRR) and to explore their associations with depressive symptoms over 9 years in the Invecchiare in Chianti study. At baseline, 1362 participants (55.4% women) aged 18-102 years (mean age 68 (SD 15.5) years) were included in the study. Baseline data collection started in 1998 and was repeated after 3, 6 and 9 years. Dietary intake information was obtained using a country-specific, validated FFQ with 188 food items. For baseline diet, dietary pattern scores in quartiles (Q) were derived using RRR with the nutrients EPA+DHA, folate, Mg and Zn as response variables. Continuous depression scores from the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were used for assessing depressive symptoms. The derived dietary pattern was rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruit, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat, and was labelled as 'typical Tuscan dietary pattern'. After full adjustment, an inverse association was observed between this dietary pattern and depressive symptoms at baseline (Q1 v. Q4, B -2.77; 95% CI -4.55, -0.98). When examining the relationship between the above-mentioned dietary pattern at baseline and depressive symptoms over 9 years, a similar association was found after full adjustment for confounding factors (Q1 v. Q4, B -1.78; 95% CI -3.17, -0.38). A diet rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruits, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat was consistently associated with lower CES-D scores over a 9-year period in the Tuscan population.

AB - This study aimed to identify dietary patterns using reduced rank regression (RRR) and to explore their associations with depressive symptoms over 9 years in the Invecchiare in Chianti study. At baseline, 1362 participants (55.4% women) aged 18-102 years (mean age 68 (SD 15.5) years) were included in the study. Baseline data collection started in 1998 and was repeated after 3, 6 and 9 years. Dietary intake information was obtained using a country-specific, validated FFQ with 188 food items. For baseline diet, dietary pattern scores in quartiles (Q) were derived using RRR with the nutrients EPA+DHA, folate, Mg and Zn as response variables. Continuous depression scores from the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were used for assessing depressive symptoms. The derived dietary pattern was rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruit, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat, and was labelled as 'typical Tuscan dietary pattern'. After full adjustment, an inverse association was observed between this dietary pattern and depressive symptoms at baseline (Q1 v. Q4, B -2.77; 95% CI -4.55, -0.98). When examining the relationship between the above-mentioned dietary pattern at baseline and depressive symptoms over 9 years, a similar association was found after full adjustment for confounding factors (Q1 v. Q4, B -1.78; 95% CI -3.17, -0.38). A diet rich in vegetables, olive oil, grains, fruits, fish and moderate in wine and red and processed meat was consistently associated with lower CES-D scores over a 9-year period in the Tuscan population.

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