The burden of ADHD in older adults: A qualitative study

M. Michielsen, J. Th C.M. de Kruif, H. C. Comijs, S. van Mierlo, E. J. Semeijn, A. T.F. Beekman, D. J.H. Deeg, J. J.S. Kooij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To explore how ADHD may have affected the lives of older adults who meet the diagnostic criteria of ADHD, but are unaware of their diagnosis. Our second aim was to examine whether the reported symptoms change over the life span. Method: A qualitative study was conducted. Seventeen Dutch older people (>65 years) diagnosed in this study with ADHD participated in in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed according to techniques of thematic approach. Results: Seven themes emerged from the analyses. Four themes correspond to ADHD symptoms: “being active,” “being impulsive,” “attention problems,” and “mental restlessness.” In addition, the themes “low self-esteem,” “overstepping boundaries,” and “feeling misunderstood” emerged. The impact of ADHD symptoms seems to have declined with age. Conclusion: ADHD has a negative impact on late life, and older adults with the disorder may benefit from treatment. Moreover, this study’s findings call for early detection and treatment of ADHD in children and adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-600
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Cite this

Michielsen, M., de Kruif, J. T. C. M., Comijs, H. C., van Mierlo, S., Semeijn, E. J., Beekman, A. T. F., ... Kooij, J. J. S. (2018). The burden of ADHD in older adults: A qualitative study. Journal of Attention Disorders, 22(6), 591-600. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715610001
Michielsen, M. ; de Kruif, J. Th C.M. ; Comijs, H. C. ; van Mierlo, S. ; Semeijn, E. J. ; Beekman, A. T.F. ; Deeg, D. J.H. ; Kooij, J. J.S. / The burden of ADHD in older adults : A qualitative study. In: Journal of Attention Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 591-600.
@article{e050d184975f4dfa9d413664a6153368,
title = "The burden of ADHD in older adults: A qualitative study",
abstract = "Objective: To explore how ADHD may have affected the lives of older adults who meet the diagnostic criteria of ADHD, but are unaware of their diagnosis. Our second aim was to examine whether the reported symptoms change over the life span. Method: A qualitative study was conducted. Seventeen Dutch older people (>65 years) diagnosed in this study with ADHD participated in in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed according to techniques of thematic approach. Results: Seven themes emerged from the analyses. Four themes correspond to ADHD symptoms: “being active,” “being impulsive,” “attention problems,” and “mental restlessness.” In addition, the themes “low self-esteem,” “overstepping boundaries,” and “feeling misunderstood” emerged. The impact of ADHD symptoms seems to have declined with age. Conclusion: ADHD has a negative impact on late life, and older adults with the disorder may benefit from treatment. Moreover, this study’s findings call for early detection and treatment of ADHD in children and adults.",
keywords = "ADHD, older adults, qualitative study",
author = "M. Michielsen and {de Kruif}, {J. Th C.M.} and Comijs, {H. C.} and {van Mierlo}, S. and Semeijn, {E. J.} and Beekman, {A. T.F.} and Deeg, {D. J.H.} and Kooij, {J. J.S.}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1087054715610001",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "591--600",
journal = "Journal of Attention Disorders",
issn = "1087-0547",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

Michielsen, M, de Kruif, JTCM, Comijs, HC, van Mierlo, S, Semeijn, EJ, Beekman, ATF, Deeg, DJH & Kooij, JJS 2018, 'The burden of ADHD in older adults: A qualitative study' Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 591-600. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715610001

The burden of ADHD in older adults : A qualitative study. / Michielsen, M.; de Kruif, J. Th C.M.; Comijs, H. C.; van Mierlo, S.; Semeijn, E. J.; Beekman, A. T.F.; Deeg, D. J.H.; Kooij, J. J.S.

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, Vol. 22, No. 6, 01.04.2018, p. 591-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The burden of ADHD in older adults

T2 - A qualitative study

AU - Michielsen, M.

AU - de Kruif, J. Th C.M.

AU - Comijs, H. C.

AU - van Mierlo, S.

AU - Semeijn, E. J.

AU - Beekman, A. T.F.

AU - Deeg, D. J.H.

AU - Kooij, J. J.S.

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Objective: To explore how ADHD may have affected the lives of older adults who meet the diagnostic criteria of ADHD, but are unaware of their diagnosis. Our second aim was to examine whether the reported symptoms change over the life span. Method: A qualitative study was conducted. Seventeen Dutch older people (>65 years) diagnosed in this study with ADHD participated in in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed according to techniques of thematic approach. Results: Seven themes emerged from the analyses. Four themes correspond to ADHD symptoms: “being active,” “being impulsive,” “attention problems,” and “mental restlessness.” In addition, the themes “low self-esteem,” “overstepping boundaries,” and “feeling misunderstood” emerged. The impact of ADHD symptoms seems to have declined with age. Conclusion: ADHD has a negative impact on late life, and older adults with the disorder may benefit from treatment. Moreover, this study’s findings call for early detection and treatment of ADHD in children and adults.

AB - Objective: To explore how ADHD may have affected the lives of older adults who meet the diagnostic criteria of ADHD, but are unaware of their diagnosis. Our second aim was to examine whether the reported symptoms change over the life span. Method: A qualitative study was conducted. Seventeen Dutch older people (>65 years) diagnosed in this study with ADHD participated in in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed according to techniques of thematic approach. Results: Seven themes emerged from the analyses. Four themes correspond to ADHD symptoms: “being active,” “being impulsive,” “attention problems,” and “mental restlessness.” In addition, the themes “low self-esteem,” “overstepping boundaries,” and “feeling misunderstood” emerged. The impact of ADHD symptoms seems to have declined with age. Conclusion: ADHD has a negative impact on late life, and older adults with the disorder may benefit from treatment. Moreover, this study’s findings call for early detection and treatment of ADHD in children and adults.

KW - ADHD

KW - older adults

KW - qualitative study

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84985864728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1087054715610001

DO - 10.1177/1087054715610001

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 591

EP - 600

JO - Journal of Attention Disorders

JF - Journal of Attention Disorders

SN - 1087-0547

IS - 6

ER -

Michielsen M, de Kruif JTCM, Comijs HC, van Mierlo S, Semeijn EJ, Beekman ATF et al. The burden of ADHD in older adults: A qualitative study. Journal of Attention Disorders. 2018 Apr 1;22(6):591-600. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715610001