The (cost-) effectiveness of exergaming in people living with dementia and their informal caregivers: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

JM van Santen, RM Dröes, Judith E. Bosmans, Olivier Blanson-Henkemans, Sjef van Bommel, Esther Hakvoort, Ronald Valk, Carla Scholten, Joris Wiersinga, Annemieke van Straten, FJM Meiland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also applies to people living with dementia. However, it can be harder for them to perform physical activities, due to several barriers, such as issues with orientation and balance problems. A relatively new type of physical activity called exergaming may help them overcome these barriers. Exergaming is “physical exercise interactively combined with cognitive stimulation in a gaming environment”. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exergaming compared to regular activities in people living with dementia, who attend day-care centres. Additionally, we want to investigate whether the exergaming activity for the person living with dementia, also (indirectly) affects the informal caregiver, as well as which facilitators and barriers to implementation of exergames for this target group exist.

Methods: A cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), with economic and process evaluations alongside will be carried out. In the Netherlands, 24 day-care centres are randomized in the experimental or control group. The study group will consist of 224 dyads (community-dwelling participants with dementia and their informal caregivers), who are interviewed at baseline, and at 3 and 6months of follow-up. The participant with dementia has to visit the day-care centre for at least two days per week, have a diagnosis of mild to moderate dementia and have an informal caregiver present, who is willing to participate. Societal cost data will be collected during interviews, using healthcare utilization diaries, and from day-care centres. The process evaluation will only involve the experimental group, and will include an online survey, qualitative interviews and focus groups.

Discussion: This study will contribute to the evidence base that more effective exercise among people with dementia will result in positive effects on their wellbeing and quality of life. This will motivate people with dementia to be physically active. We also envision that theremight be a positive effect on the burden of care experienced by their informal caregivers.

Trial registration: This trial was registered at the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR) on December 10, 2015 (number: NTR5537), this publication is based on protocol amendment number 01, issue date 28 December 2018. This includes all
items from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set [see Additional file 1].

Keywords: Randomized controlled trial, Dementia, Exergaming, Physical activity, Physical functioning, Quality of life, Cost effectiveness
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2019

Cite this

van Santen, JM ; Dröes, RM ; Bosmans, Judith E. ; Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier ; van Bommel, Sjef ; Hakvoort, Esther ; Valk, Ronald ; Scholten, Carla ; Wiersinga, Joris ; van Straten, Annemieke ; Meiland, FJM. / The (cost-) effectiveness of exergaming in people living with dementia and their informal caregivers: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. In: BMC Geriatrics. 2019.
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abstract = "Background: Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also applies to people living with dementia. However, it can be harder for them to perform physical activities, due to several barriers, such as issues with orientation and balance problems. A relatively new type of physical activity called exergaming may help them overcome these barriers. Exergaming is “physical exercise interactively combined with cognitive stimulation in a gaming environment”. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exergaming compared to regular activities in people living with dementia, who attend day-care centres. Additionally, we want to investigate whether the exergaming activity for the person living with dementia, also (indirectly) affects the informal caregiver, as well as which facilitators and barriers to implementation of exergames for this target group exist.Methods: A cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), with economic and process evaluations alongside will be carried out. In the Netherlands, 24 day-care centres are randomized in the experimental or control group. The study group will consist of 224 dyads (community-dwelling participants with dementia and their informal caregivers), who are interviewed at baseline, and at 3 and 6months of follow-up. The participant with dementia has to visit the day-care centre for at least two days per week, have a diagnosis of mild to moderate dementia and have an informal caregiver present, who is willing to participate. Societal cost data will be collected during interviews, using healthcare utilization diaries, and from day-care centres. The process evaluation will only involve the experimental group, and will include an online survey, qualitative interviews and focus groups.Discussion: This study will contribute to the evidence base that more effective exercise among people with dementia will result in positive effects on their wellbeing and quality of life. This will motivate people with dementia to be physically active. We also envision that theremight be a positive effect on the burden of care experienced by their informal caregivers.Trial registration: This trial was registered at the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR) on December 10, 2015 (number: NTR5537), this publication is based on protocol amendment number 01, issue date 28 December 2018. This includes allitems from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set [see Additional file 1].Keywords: Randomized controlled trial, Dementia, Exergaming, Physical activity, Physical functioning, Quality of life, Cost effectiveness",
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The (cost-) effectiveness of exergaming in people living with dementia and their informal caregivers: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. / van Santen, JM; Dröes, RM; Bosmans, Judith E.; Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier; van Bommel, Sjef; Hakvoort, Esther; Valk, Ronald; Scholten, Carla; Wiersinga, Joris; van Straten, Annemieke; Meiland, FJM.

In: BMC Geriatrics, 20.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The (cost-) effectiveness of exergaming in people living with dementia and their informal caregivers: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

AU - van Santen, JM

AU - Dröes, RM

AU - Bosmans, Judith E.

AU - Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier

AU - van Bommel, Sjef

AU - Hakvoort, Esther

AU - Valk, Ronald

AU - Scholten, Carla

AU - Wiersinga, Joris

AU - van Straten, Annemieke

AU - Meiland, FJM

PY - 2019/2/20

Y1 - 2019/2/20

N2 - Background: Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also applies to people living with dementia. However, it can be harder for them to perform physical activities, due to several barriers, such as issues with orientation and balance problems. A relatively new type of physical activity called exergaming may help them overcome these barriers. Exergaming is “physical exercise interactively combined with cognitive stimulation in a gaming environment”. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exergaming compared to regular activities in people living with dementia, who attend day-care centres. Additionally, we want to investigate whether the exergaming activity for the person living with dementia, also (indirectly) affects the informal caregiver, as well as which facilitators and barriers to implementation of exergames for this target group exist.Methods: A cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), with economic and process evaluations alongside will be carried out. In the Netherlands, 24 day-care centres are randomized in the experimental or control group. The study group will consist of 224 dyads (community-dwelling participants with dementia and their informal caregivers), who are interviewed at baseline, and at 3 and 6months of follow-up. The participant with dementia has to visit the day-care centre for at least two days per week, have a diagnosis of mild to moderate dementia and have an informal caregiver present, who is willing to participate. Societal cost data will be collected during interviews, using healthcare utilization diaries, and from day-care centres. The process evaluation will only involve the experimental group, and will include an online survey, qualitative interviews and focus groups.Discussion: This study will contribute to the evidence base that more effective exercise among people with dementia will result in positive effects on their wellbeing and quality of life. This will motivate people with dementia to be physically active. We also envision that theremight be a positive effect on the burden of care experienced by their informal caregivers.Trial registration: This trial was registered at the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR) on December 10, 2015 (number: NTR5537), this publication is based on protocol amendment number 01, issue date 28 December 2018. This includes allitems from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set [see Additional file 1].Keywords: Randomized controlled trial, Dementia, Exergaming, Physical activity, Physical functioning, Quality of life, Cost effectiveness

AB - Background: Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also applies to people living with dementia. However, it can be harder for them to perform physical activities, due to several barriers, such as issues with orientation and balance problems. A relatively new type of physical activity called exergaming may help them overcome these barriers. Exergaming is “physical exercise interactively combined with cognitive stimulation in a gaming environment”. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exergaming compared to regular activities in people living with dementia, who attend day-care centres. Additionally, we want to investigate whether the exergaming activity for the person living with dementia, also (indirectly) affects the informal caregiver, as well as which facilitators and barriers to implementation of exergames for this target group exist.Methods: A cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), with economic and process evaluations alongside will be carried out. In the Netherlands, 24 day-care centres are randomized in the experimental or control group. The study group will consist of 224 dyads (community-dwelling participants with dementia and their informal caregivers), who are interviewed at baseline, and at 3 and 6months of follow-up. The participant with dementia has to visit the day-care centre for at least two days per week, have a diagnosis of mild to moderate dementia and have an informal caregiver present, who is willing to participate. Societal cost data will be collected during interviews, using healthcare utilization diaries, and from day-care centres. The process evaluation will only involve the experimental group, and will include an online survey, qualitative interviews and focus groups.Discussion: This study will contribute to the evidence base that more effective exercise among people with dementia will result in positive effects on their wellbeing and quality of life. This will motivate people with dementia to be physically active. We also envision that theremight be a positive effect on the burden of care experienced by their informal caregivers.Trial registration: This trial was registered at the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR) on December 10, 2015 (number: NTR5537), this publication is based on protocol amendment number 01, issue date 28 December 2018. This includes allitems from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set [see Additional file 1].Keywords: Randomized controlled trial, Dementia, Exergaming, Physical activity, Physical functioning, Quality of life, Cost effectiveness

KW - Randomized controlled trial

KW - Dementia

KW - Exergaming

KW - Cost effectiveness

KW - Quality of life

KW - Physical functioning

KW - Physical activity

M3 - Article

JO - BMC Geriatrics

JF - BMC Geriatrics

SN - 1471-2318

ER -