The effect of a balance training programme on centre of pressure excursion in one-leg stance

Evert Verhagen, Maarten Bobbert, Melanie Inklaar, Marike van Kalken, Allard van der Beek, Lex Bouter, Willem van Mechelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Balance training is widely used in the rehabilitation after an ankle sprain and is thought to have a decreasing effect on postural sway. The present study investigated whether a 5.5-week balance training programme leads to a decreased postural sway showing in a reduced range of centre of pressure excursion.

METHODS: Thirty university students participated in this study. Twenty-two untrained subjects were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n=11) or a control group (n=11). The remaining eight subjects were participants in an organized volleyball competition and were assigned to an additional volleyball group (n=8). All subjects of the intervention group and the volleyball group received a 5.5-week balance training programme, while subjects of the control group received no training. Centre of pressure of the ground reaction force was measured as a proxy measure of postural sway, using a force platform. Measurements took place before and after the 5.5-week training programme for standing on one leg (both for right and for left leg) of single leg stance, both for the eyes-open and eyes-closed situation. From these measurements centre of pressure excursion in the anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral direction was calculated. A linear regression analysis was performed to check for differences in centre of pressure excursion between any of the groups over the training period.

FINDINGS: No differences in changes of centre of pressure excursion were found between any of the groups over the 5.5-week training period.

INTERPRETATION: Balance training does not lead to a reduction in centre of pressure excursion in a general population consisting of non-injured and previously injured subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1094-100
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Cite this

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title = "The effect of a balance training programme on centre of pressure excursion in one-leg stance",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Balance training is widely used in the rehabilitation after an ankle sprain and is thought to have a decreasing effect on postural sway. The present study investigated whether a 5.5-week balance training programme leads to a decreased postural sway showing in a reduced range of centre of pressure excursion.METHODS: Thirty university students participated in this study. Twenty-two untrained subjects were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n=11) or a control group (n=11). The remaining eight subjects were participants in an organized volleyball competition and were assigned to an additional volleyball group (n=8). All subjects of the intervention group and the volleyball group received a 5.5-week balance training programme, while subjects of the control group received no training. Centre of pressure of the ground reaction force was measured as a proxy measure of postural sway, using a force platform. Measurements took place before and after the 5.5-week training programme for standing on one leg (both for right and for left leg) of single leg stance, both for the eyes-open and eyes-closed situation. From these measurements centre of pressure excursion in the anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral direction was calculated. A linear regression analysis was performed to check for differences in centre of pressure excursion between any of the groups over the training period.FINDINGS: No differences in changes of centre of pressure excursion were found between any of the groups over the 5.5-week training period.INTERPRETATION: Balance training does not lead to a reduction in centre of pressure excursion in a general population consisting of non-injured and previously injured subjects.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Physiological/physiology, Adult, Female, Humans, Leg/physiology, Male, Movement/physiology, Physical Education and Training/methods, Physical Fitness/physiology, Postural Balance/physiology, Posture/physiology, Pressure, Sports/physiology",
author = "Evert Verhagen and Maarten Bobbert and Melanie Inklaar and {van Kalken}, Marike and {van der Beek}, Allard and Lex Bouter and {van Mechelen}, Willem",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "1094--100",
journal = "Clinical Biomechanics",
issn = "0268-0033",
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The effect of a balance training programme on centre of pressure excursion in one-leg stance. / Verhagen, Evert; Bobbert, Maarten; Inklaar, Melanie; van Kalken, Marike; van der Beek, Allard; Bouter, Lex; van Mechelen, Willem.

In: Clinical Biomechanics, Vol. 20, No. 10, 12.2005, p. 1094-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of a balance training programme on centre of pressure excursion in one-leg stance

AU - Verhagen, Evert

AU - Bobbert, Maarten

AU - Inklaar, Melanie

AU - van Kalken, Marike

AU - van der Beek, Allard

AU - Bouter, Lex

AU - van Mechelen, Willem

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - BACKGROUND: Balance training is widely used in the rehabilitation after an ankle sprain and is thought to have a decreasing effect on postural sway. The present study investigated whether a 5.5-week balance training programme leads to a decreased postural sway showing in a reduced range of centre of pressure excursion.METHODS: Thirty university students participated in this study. Twenty-two untrained subjects were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n=11) or a control group (n=11). The remaining eight subjects were participants in an organized volleyball competition and were assigned to an additional volleyball group (n=8). All subjects of the intervention group and the volleyball group received a 5.5-week balance training programme, while subjects of the control group received no training. Centre of pressure of the ground reaction force was measured as a proxy measure of postural sway, using a force platform. Measurements took place before and after the 5.5-week training programme for standing on one leg (both for right and for left leg) of single leg stance, both for the eyes-open and eyes-closed situation. From these measurements centre of pressure excursion in the anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral direction was calculated. A linear regression analysis was performed to check for differences in centre of pressure excursion between any of the groups over the training period.FINDINGS: No differences in changes of centre of pressure excursion were found between any of the groups over the 5.5-week training period.INTERPRETATION: Balance training does not lead to a reduction in centre of pressure excursion in a general population consisting of non-injured and previously injured subjects.

AB - BACKGROUND: Balance training is widely used in the rehabilitation after an ankle sprain and is thought to have a decreasing effect on postural sway. The present study investigated whether a 5.5-week balance training programme leads to a decreased postural sway showing in a reduced range of centre of pressure excursion.METHODS: Thirty university students participated in this study. Twenty-two untrained subjects were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n=11) or a control group (n=11). The remaining eight subjects were participants in an organized volleyball competition and were assigned to an additional volleyball group (n=8). All subjects of the intervention group and the volleyball group received a 5.5-week balance training programme, while subjects of the control group received no training. Centre of pressure of the ground reaction force was measured as a proxy measure of postural sway, using a force platform. Measurements took place before and after the 5.5-week training programme for standing on one leg (both for right and for left leg) of single leg stance, both for the eyes-open and eyes-closed situation. From these measurements centre of pressure excursion in the anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral direction was calculated. A linear regression analysis was performed to check for differences in centre of pressure excursion between any of the groups over the training period.FINDINGS: No differences in changes of centre of pressure excursion were found between any of the groups over the 5.5-week training period.INTERPRETATION: Balance training does not lead to a reduction in centre of pressure excursion in a general population consisting of non-injured and previously injured subjects.

KW - Adaptation, Physiological/physiology

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Leg/physiology

KW - Male

KW - Movement/physiology

KW - Physical Education and Training/methods

KW - Physical Fitness/physiology

KW - Postural Balance/physiology

KW - Posture/physiology

KW - Pressure

KW - Sports/physiology

U2 - 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.07.001

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 1094

EP - 1100

JO - Clinical Biomechanics

JF - Clinical Biomechanics

SN - 0268-0033

IS - 10

ER -