The effect of a proprioceptive balance board training program for the prevention of ankle sprains: a prospective controlled trial

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in a variety of sports.

HYPOTHESIS: A proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball players.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled study.

METHODS: There were 116 male and female volleyball teams followed prospectively during the 2001-2002 season. Teams were randomized by 4 geographical regions to an intervention group (66 teams, 641 players) and control group (50 teams, 486 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training program; control teams followed their normal training routine. The coaches recorded exposure on a weekly basis for each player. Injuries were registered by the players within 1 week after onset.

RESULTS: Significantly fewer ankle sprains in the intervention group were found compared to the control group (risk difference = 0.4/1000 playing hours; 95% confidence interval, 0.1-0.7). A significant reduction in ankle sprain risk was found only for players with a history of ankle sprains. The incidence of overuse knee injuries for players with history of knee injury was increased in the intervention group. History of knee injury may be a contraindication for proprioceptive balance board training.

CONCLUSIONS: Use of proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprain recurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-93
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal Sports Medicine
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004

Cite this

@article{e7e2449454b544fea43e7cbf7e5bda19,
title = "The effect of a proprioceptive balance board training program for the prevention of ankle sprains: a prospective controlled trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in a variety of sports.HYPOTHESIS: A proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball players.STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled study.METHODS: There were 116 male and female volleyball teams followed prospectively during the 2001-2002 season. Teams were randomized by 4 geographical regions to an intervention group (66 teams, 641 players) and control group (50 teams, 486 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training program; control teams followed their normal training routine. The coaches recorded exposure on a weekly basis for each player. Injuries were registered by the players within 1 week after onset.RESULTS: Significantly fewer ankle sprains in the intervention group were found compared to the control group (risk difference = 0.4/1000 playing hours; 95{\%} confidence interval, 0.1-0.7). A significant reduction in ankle sprain risk was found only for players with a history of ankle sprains. The incidence of overuse knee injuries for players with history of knee injury was increased in the intervention group. History of knee injury may be a contraindication for proprioceptive balance board training.CONCLUSIONS: Use of proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprain recurrences.",
keywords = "Adult, Ankle Injuries/prevention & control, Athletic Injuries/prevention & control, Exercise Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Proprioception/physiology, Prospective Studies, Recurrence, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome",
author = "Evert Verhagen and {van der Beek}, Allard and Jos Twisk and Lex Bouter and Roald Bahr and {van Mechelen}, Willem",
year = "2004",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1177/0363546503262177",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1385--93",
journal = "American Journal Sports Medicine",
issn = "0363-5465",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of a proprioceptive balance board training program for the prevention of ankle sprains

T2 - a prospective controlled trial

AU - Verhagen, Evert

AU - van der Beek, Allard

AU - Twisk, Jos

AU - Bouter, Lex

AU - Bahr, Roald

AU - van Mechelen, Willem

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in a variety of sports.HYPOTHESIS: A proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball players.STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled study.METHODS: There were 116 male and female volleyball teams followed prospectively during the 2001-2002 season. Teams were randomized by 4 geographical regions to an intervention group (66 teams, 641 players) and control group (50 teams, 486 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training program; control teams followed their normal training routine. The coaches recorded exposure on a weekly basis for each player. Injuries were registered by the players within 1 week after onset.RESULTS: Significantly fewer ankle sprains in the intervention group were found compared to the control group (risk difference = 0.4/1000 playing hours; 95% confidence interval, 0.1-0.7). A significant reduction in ankle sprain risk was found only for players with a history of ankle sprains. The incidence of overuse knee injuries for players with history of knee injury was increased in the intervention group. History of knee injury may be a contraindication for proprioceptive balance board training.CONCLUSIONS: Use of proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprain recurrences.

AB - BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in a variety of sports.HYPOTHESIS: A proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball players.STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled study.METHODS: There were 116 male and female volleyball teams followed prospectively during the 2001-2002 season. Teams were randomized by 4 geographical regions to an intervention group (66 teams, 641 players) and control group (50 teams, 486 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training program; control teams followed their normal training routine. The coaches recorded exposure on a weekly basis for each player. Injuries were registered by the players within 1 week after onset.RESULTS: Significantly fewer ankle sprains in the intervention group were found compared to the control group (risk difference = 0.4/1000 playing hours; 95% confidence interval, 0.1-0.7). A significant reduction in ankle sprain risk was found only for players with a history of ankle sprains. The incidence of overuse knee injuries for players with history of knee injury was increased in the intervention group. History of knee injury may be a contraindication for proprioceptive balance board training.CONCLUSIONS: Use of proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprain recurrences.

KW - Adult

KW - Ankle Injuries/prevention & control

KW - Athletic Injuries/prevention & control

KW - Exercise Therapy

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Proprioception/physiology

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Recurrence

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Treatment Outcome

U2 - 10.1177/0363546503262177

DO - 10.1177/0363546503262177

M3 - Article

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EP - 1393

JO - American Journal Sports Medicine

JF - American Journal Sports Medicine

SN - 0363-5465

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ER -