The effect of transcervical resection of submucous fibroids on menstrual blood loss: A prospective cohort study

Alieke L Keizer, Bracha L Jacobs, Andreas L Thurkow, Maria E de Lange, Celine M Radder, Paul J M van Kesteren, Miriam M F Hanstede, Judith A F Huirne, Wouter J K Hehenkamp

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OBJECTIVES: Transcervical resection of myoma (TCRM) is a widely implemented treatment for submucous fibroids. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of TCRM on menstrual bleeding, fibroid related symptoms and quality of life and hemoglobin (Hb) levels.

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted in three teaching hospitals and two academic hospitals in the Netherlands. Patients with HMB (PBAC score > 150) and submucous fibroids (type 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and hybrid type 2-5) scheduled for TCRM were eligible. At baseline and 3 months after TCRM a Trans Vaginal Ultrasound (TVU) was performed and a Hb sample was taken. Patients filled out the Pictorial Blood Assessment Chart (PBAC) and the Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) questionnaire at baseline and up to 6 months after surgery. Primary outcome was improvement in PBAC score 6 months after surgery. Secondary outcomes were improvement in PBAC score and Hb level 3 months after surgery and UFS-QOL scores 3 and 6 months after surgery.

RESULTS: 126 patients were included and 104 were operated. PBAC were obtained from 98 patients. Six months after surgery, 56.6% of patients went from HMB to normal menstrual bleeding (PBAC < 150). A significant reduction in median PBAC scores of 427 (IQR 198 - 1392) (p <.0001) was found (86% improvement). UFS-QOL scores were obtained from 91 patients. Symptom severity improved from a median of 54 on a scale of 100 (IQR 44-66) at baseline to 22 (IQR 9-41) after 6 months (p <.0001) (59% improvement). Health related quality of life (HRQOL) improved from a median score of 44 on a scale of 100 (IQR 33-62) to 89 (IQR 67-97) 6 months after surgery (p <.0001) (102% improvement).

CONCLUSION: TCRM significantly reduces the amount of menstrual bleeding, severity of fibroid related symptoms and improves HRQOL in patients with submucous fibroids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

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