The effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention with physical exercise on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia: A randomized controlled trial

Anna Eva Prick, Jacomine De Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk, Anne Margriet Pot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a randomized controlled trial. People with dementia and their family caregivers (n = 111) were randomly assigned to 8 home-based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, executive functioning (EF), and attention were assessed at baseline, and after 3 (postmeasurement) and 6 months (follow-up). Data were analyzed by using generalized estimating equations (GEE). A small, significant effect was found on attention. No effects were found on memory and EF. Finding only a small significant effect might be explained by the ineffectiveness of the intervention, but also by moderate treatment adherence or a lack of room for improvement because half of the people with dementia were already receiving care in a day care facility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-552
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Cite this

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abstract = "The objective was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a randomized controlled trial. People with dementia and their family caregivers (n = 111) were randomly assigned to 8 home-based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, executive functioning (EF), and attention were assessed at baseline, and after 3 (postmeasurement) and 6 months (follow-up). Data were analyzed by using generalized estimating equations (GEE). A small, significant effect was found on attention. No effects were found on memory and EF. Finding only a small significant effect might be explained by the ineffectiveness of the intervention, but also by moderate treatment adherence or a lack of room for improvement because half of the people with dementia were already receiving care in a day care facility.",
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The effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention with physical exercise on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia : A randomized controlled trial. / Prick, Anna Eva; De Lange, Jacomine; Scherder, Erik; Twisk, Jos; Pot, Anne Margriet.

In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 539-552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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