The epidemiology, treatment, and complication of ameloblastoma in East-Indonesia: 6 years retrospective study

Muhammad Ruslin*, Faqi N. Hendra, Arian Vojdani, David Hardjosantoso, Mohammad Gazali, Andi Tajrin, Jan Wolff, Tymour Forouzanfar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Ameloblastoma is a neoplasm classified as a benign epithelial odontogenic tumor of the jaws, grow slowly and are locally invasive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence, treatment, and complication of patients with ameloblastoma in East-Indonesia during six years retrospective study. Material and Methods: This retrospective study included 84 patients who were diagnosed with ameloblastoma from 2011 to 2016. There were 56 patients with treatment data available. Data from each patient, including gender, age, histologic type, the size of the tumor, radiologic form, tumor location, type of treatment, and complication were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. Results: Fourteen patients were diagnosed with unicystic ameloblastoma (25%), thirty two patients with multicystic follicular ameloblastoma (57%) and ten patients with an unspecified multicystic ameloblastoma (18%). A total of about 35 patients were treated conservatively (62.5%) and 21 patients were treated radically (37.5%). Swelling was present as a pre-operative complication in all 56 cases (100%). There were no complaints concerning speech. Conclusions: The majority findings of the histologic type were multicystic ameloblastoma and their location were in the mandible. Most ameloblastoma were treated conservatively and reconstructions were made with only titanium plates and not bone graft.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e54-e58
JournalMedicina oral patologia oral y cirugia bucal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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