The Extreme Male Brain theory and gender role behaviour in persons with an autism spectrum condition

J. E. A. Stauder*, L. J. M. Cornet, R. W. H. M. Ponds

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


According to the Extreme Male Brain theory persons with autism possess masculinised cognitive traits. In this study masculinisation of gender role behaviour is evaluated in 25 persons with an autism spectrum condition (ASC) and matched controls with gender role behaviour as part of a shortened version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 and the Empathizing Quotient and Systemizing Quotient. Both males and females with an ASC showed minimum male role behaviour. It is suggested that the minimum male gender role could be related to an underdeveloped Theory of Mind, a well-known feature of autism. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1214
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Cite this