The impact of poor insight on the course of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in patients receiving naturalistic treatment

Henny Visser, Harold van Megen, Patricia van Oppen, Adriaan Hoogendoorn, Gerrit Glas, Fugen Neziroglu, Anton van Balkom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective Some patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) think that their obsessive-compulsive beliefs are true. These patients have OCD with poor or absent insight, a clinical profile that poses a challenge to the clinician. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical profile of poor insight OCD and study the impact of poor insight on the two year course of OCD. Method Data were analysed of 253 adult patients with OCD, participating in the prospective naturalistic Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) Study. Insight was measured using a standardized instrument, the Overvalued Ideas Scale. Results Good, fair, poor and absent insight occurred at every severity level of OCD. Poor insight was associated with higher OCD symptom severity, more chronicity, more comorbidity and predicted poor outcome at two-year follow-up, independently of treatment, severity of OCD- and depressive symptoms, age of onset, comorbidity and chronicity of OCD. Conclusions More severe and more complex symptoms characterize OCD with poor insight. Poor insight occurs at every severity level of OCD and appears to be an independent phenomenon which predicts poor outcome in OCD. Future work should determine whether improving insight causes better outcome in OCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Cite this

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title = "The impact of poor insight on the course of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in patients receiving naturalistic treatment",
abstract = "Objective Some patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) think that their obsessive-compulsive beliefs are true. These patients have OCD with poor or absent insight, a clinical profile that poses a challenge to the clinician. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical profile of poor insight OCD and study the impact of poor insight on the two year course of OCD. Method Data were analysed of 253 adult patients with OCD, participating in the prospective naturalistic Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) Study. Insight was measured using a standardized instrument, the Overvalued Ideas Scale. Results Good, fair, poor and absent insight occurred at every severity level of OCD. Poor insight was associated with higher OCD symptom severity, more chronicity, more comorbidity and predicted poor outcome at two-year follow-up, independently of treatment, severity of OCD- and depressive symptoms, age of onset, comorbidity and chronicity of OCD. Conclusions More severe and more complex symptoms characterize OCD with poor insight. Poor insight occurs at every severity level of OCD and appears to be an independent phenomenon which predicts poor outcome in OCD. Future work should determine whether improving insight causes better outcome in OCD.",
keywords = "Insight, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Outcome",
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year = "2017",
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The impact of poor insight on the course of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in patients receiving naturalistic treatment. / Visser, Henny; Megen, Harold van; Oppen, Patricia van; Hoogendoorn, Adriaan; Glas, Gerrit; Neziroglu, Fugen; Balkom, Anton van.

In: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Vol. 13, 01.04.2017, p. 42-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The impact of poor insight on the course of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in patients receiving naturalistic treatment

AU - Visser, Henny

AU - Megen, Harold van

AU - Oppen, Patricia van

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AU - Glas, Gerrit

AU - Neziroglu, Fugen

AU - Balkom, Anton van

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N2 - Objective Some patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) think that their obsessive-compulsive beliefs are true. These patients have OCD with poor or absent insight, a clinical profile that poses a challenge to the clinician. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical profile of poor insight OCD and study the impact of poor insight on the two year course of OCD. Method Data were analysed of 253 adult patients with OCD, participating in the prospective naturalistic Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) Study. Insight was measured using a standardized instrument, the Overvalued Ideas Scale. Results Good, fair, poor and absent insight occurred at every severity level of OCD. Poor insight was associated with higher OCD symptom severity, more chronicity, more comorbidity and predicted poor outcome at two-year follow-up, independently of treatment, severity of OCD- and depressive symptoms, age of onset, comorbidity and chronicity of OCD. Conclusions More severe and more complex symptoms characterize OCD with poor insight. Poor insight occurs at every severity level of OCD and appears to be an independent phenomenon which predicts poor outcome in OCD. Future work should determine whether improving insight causes better outcome in OCD.

AB - Objective Some patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) think that their obsessive-compulsive beliefs are true. These patients have OCD with poor or absent insight, a clinical profile that poses a challenge to the clinician. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical profile of poor insight OCD and study the impact of poor insight on the two year course of OCD. Method Data were analysed of 253 adult patients with OCD, participating in the prospective naturalistic Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) Study. Insight was measured using a standardized instrument, the Overvalued Ideas Scale. Results Good, fair, poor and absent insight occurred at every severity level of OCD. Poor insight was associated with higher OCD symptom severity, more chronicity, more comorbidity and predicted poor outcome at two-year follow-up, independently of treatment, severity of OCD- and depressive symptoms, age of onset, comorbidity and chronicity of OCD. Conclusions More severe and more complex symptoms characterize OCD with poor insight. Poor insight occurs at every severity level of OCD and appears to be an independent phenomenon which predicts poor outcome in OCD. Future work should determine whether improving insight causes better outcome in OCD.

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