The many shades of enhancement: timing of post-gadolinium images strongly influences the scoring of juvenile idiopathic arthritis wrist involvement on MRI

Jasper F M M Rieter, Laura Tanturri de Horatio, Charlotte M Nusman, Lil-Sofie Ording Müller, Robert Hemke, Derk F M Avenarius, Marion A J van Rossum, Clara Malattia, Mario Maas, Karen Rosendahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Potential long-term side effects of treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis are concerning. This has necessitated accurate tools, such as MRI, to monitor treatment response and allow for personalized therapy.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which timing of post-contrast MR images influences the scoring of inflammatory change in the wrist in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied two sets of post-contrast 3-D gradient echo MRI series of the wrist in 34 children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. These images were obtained immediately after administration of intravenous contrast material and again after approximately 10 min. The dataset was drawn from a prospective multicenter project conducted 2006-2010. We assessed five wrist locations for synovial enhancement, effusion and overall inflammation. Examinations were scored by one radiologist in two sessions - the first was based on the early post-contrast images, and the later session, for which the previous findings were masked, was based on the later post-contrast images.

RESULTS: Fifty-two of the 170 locations (30.6%) received a higher synovial enhancement score based on the late post-contrast images as compared to the early images. Sixty of the 170 (35%) locations received a higher total inflammation score. The mean scores of synovial enhancement and total inflammation were significantly higher when based on the late post-contrast images as compared to the early post-contrast images.

CONCLUSION: An MRI-based scoring system for the presence and degree of synovitis should be based on a standardized MR-protocol with a fixed interval between intravenous contrast injection and post-contrast images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1562-7
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Radiology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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