The Physical Activity and Nutritional INfluences in Ageing (PANINI) Toolkit: A Standardized Approach towards Physical Activity and Nutritional Assessment of Older Adults

Keenan A. Ramsey, Carel G. M. Meskers, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Maria Giulia Bacalini, Massimo Delledonne, Paolo Garagnani, Carolyn Greig, Victor Kallen, Nico van Meeteren, Natal van Riel, Nadine Correia Santos, Sarianna Sipilä, Janice L. Thompson, Anna C. Whittaker, Andrea B. Maier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Assessing multiple domains of health in older adults requires multidimensional and large datasets. Consensus on definitions, measurement protocols and outcome measures is a prerequisite. The Physical Activity and Nutritional INfluences In Ageing (PANINI) Toolkit aims to provide a standardized toolkit of best-practice measures for assessing health domains of older adults with an emphasis on nutrition and physical activity. The toolkit was drafted by consensus of multidisciplinary and pan-European experts on ageing to standardize research initiatives in diverse populations within the PANINI consortium. Domains within the PANINI Toolkit include socio-demographics, general health, nutrition, physical activity and physical performance and psychological and cognitive health. Implementation across various countries, settings and ageing populations has proven the feasibility of its use in research. This multidimensional and standardized approach supports interoperability and re-use of data, which is needed to optimize the coordination of research efforts, increase generalizability of findings and ultimately address the challenges of ageing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1017
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

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