About 450 million people all over the world suffer from psychiatric disorders. Limitations and handicaps are caused especially by unipolar depression, excessive alcohol consumption, schizophrenia and manic-depressive disorder. It is expected that the importance of psychiatric disorders for public health will increase in the coming decades. Psychiatric disorders are often the cause of death, destroy the lives of both patients and their families, have far-reaching economic consequences and are often complicated by somatic diseases. The advances in the field of treatment are impressive but can have only a limited effect on the consequences of psychiatric disorders for public health. The incidence of psychiatric disorders can be reduced by more than 25%. The greatest effects have been seen with depressive disorders, indicated prevention and the use of cognitive therapy. Indicated prevention has also been found to be effective in psychotic disorders. Debriefing is ineffective in posttraumatic stress disorder. The efficacy of universal prevention has not been investigated. There are still insufficient data to develop evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of psychiatric disorders.
|Translated title of the contribution||The prevention of psychiatric disorders|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Feb 2006|