The effects of the purported dopamine (DA) receptor agonist (3,4-dihydroxyphenylimino)-2-imidazolidine (DPI) upon the in-vitro K+-induced release of [3H]DA and [14C]acetylcholine from rat neostriatal slices, and of [3H]noradrenaline from rat neocortical slices have been investigated and compared with those of the DA receptor agonist TL-99 and the alpha-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine, respectively. The rapid decomposition of the catechol compounds DPI and TL-99 in the Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate superfusion medium was shown to be inhibited by both the chelating agent EDTA and the reducing agent ascorbic acid. The results suggest that in-vitro DPI is unable to stimulate striatal DA receptors, whereas it is effective in stimulating cortical alpha 2-adrenoceptors (EC50 = 61 nM). It is concluded that DPI should be considered as a mixed alpha 1/alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist and that the designation of DPI as a DA receptor agonist should be abandoned.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1983|