The theory of planned behavior and physical activity change: Outcomes of the aging well and healthily intervention program for older adults

Elske Stolte*, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J. Aartsen, Theo G. Van Tilburg, Astrid Chorus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The predictive value of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on intention and physical activity (PA) over time was examined. Data from the Aging Well and Healthily intervention program (targeting perceived behavioral control and attitude, not subjective norm) were analyzed, including pretest (T0), posttest (T1, except subjective norm) and 4-6 months follow-up (T2, PA outcomes only) (N = 387, M age 72 years). Structural equation modeling was used to test a TPB model. PA was measured subjectively using the Voorrips sports subscale (T0 and T2), items measured perceived increase in PA (T1), and adherence to exercises (T1 and T2). Model fit was good. The TPB explained variation in intention well (R2 .54-.60) and some PA behavior (R2 .13-.16). The intervention successfully got participants to exercise independent of the measured TPB concepts. More TPB studies in the context of interventions are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-445
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Cite this