The Therapeutic CD38 Monoclonal Antibody Daratumumab Induces Programmed Cell Death via Fcγ Receptor-Mediated Cross-Linking

Marije B Overdijk, J H Marco Jansen, Maaike Nederend, Jeroen J Lammerts van Bueren, Richard W J Groen, Paul W H I Parren, Jeanette H W Leusen, Peter Boross

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Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that FcγR-mediated cross-linking of tumor-bound mAbs may induce signaling in tumor cells that contributes to their therapeutic activity. In this study, we show that daratumumab (DARA), a therapeutic human CD38 mAb with a broad-spectrum killing activity, is able to induce programmed cell death (PCD) of CD38(+) multiple myeloma tumor cell lines when cross-linked in vitro by secondary Abs or via an FcγR. By comparing DARA efficacy in a syngeneic in vivo tumor model using FcRγ-chain knockout or NOTAM mice carrying a signaling-inactive FcRγ-chain, we found that the inhibitory FcγRIIb as well as activating FcγRs induce DARA cross-linking-mediated PCD. In conclusion, our in vitro and in vivo data show that FcγR-mediated cross-linking of DARA induces PCD of CD38-expressing multiple myeloma tumor cells, which potentially contributes to the depth of response observed in DARA-treated patients and the drug's multifaceted mechanisms of action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-13
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume197
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Cite this

Overdijk, M. B., Jansen, J. H. M., Nederend, M., Lammerts van Bueren, J. J., Groen, R. W. J., Parren, P. W. H. I., ... Boross, P. (2016). The Therapeutic CD38 Monoclonal Antibody Daratumumab Induces Programmed Cell Death via Fcγ Receptor-Mediated Cross-Linking. Journal of Immunology, 197(3), 807-13. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1501351