Theranostic nanoemulsions for macrophage COX-2 inhibition in a murine inflammation model

Sravan Kumar Patel, Wissam Beaino, Carolyn J. Anderson*, Jelena M. Janjic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Targeting macrophages for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes is an attractive approach applicable to multiple diseases. Here, we present a theranostic nanoemulsion platform for simultaneous delivery of an anti-inflammatory drug (celecoxib) to macrophages and monitoring of macrophage migration patterns by optical imaging, as measurement of changes in inflammation. The anti-inflammatory effect of the theranostic nanoemulsions was evaluated in a mouse inflammation model induced with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Nanoemulsions showed greater accumulation in the inflamed vs. control paw, with histology confirming their specific localization in CD68 positive macrophages expressing cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) compared to neutrophils. With a single dose administration of the celecoxib-loaded theranostic, we observed a reduction in fluorescence in the paw with time, corresponding to a reduction in macrophage infiltration. Our data strongly suggest that delivery of select agents to infiltrating macrophages can potentially lead to new treatments of inflammatory diseases where macrophage behavior changes are monitored in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-70
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Immunology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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