Tibial quantitative ultrasound versus whole-body and lumbar spine DXA in a Dutch pediatric and adolescent population

R R van Rijn, I M van der Sluis, M H Lequin, S G Robben, S M de Muinck Keizer-Schrama, W C Hop, C van Kuijk

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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To understand normal bone development, studies in healthy children and adolescents are important. To assess the applicability of tibial quantitative ultrasound measurements (QUS) in children, we performed a study that compared dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the lumbar spine and whole body with tibial QUS.

METHODS: For this study we recruited 146 Dutch children and adolescents, 58 boys (median age, 14.1 years; range, 7.6-23.4 years) and 88 girls (median age, 18.0 years; range, 7.6-23.5 years). Tanner stage, weight, and height were assessed for all participants. Bone mineral density (BMD; g x cm(-2)) of the whole body and lumbar spine (L2-L4) and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) of the lumbar spine (g x cm(-3)) were assessed by using the Lunar DPXL. For tibial QUS, the Soundscan compact system was used.

RESULTS: Both lumbar as well as whole-body BMD showed a strong, significant correlation with tibial QUS in boys and girls: rtotal body boys = 0.81, rtotal body girls = 0.77, rlumbar spine boys = 0.79, and rlumbar spine girls = 0.72. Lumbar spine BMAD also showed significant correlations with tibial QUS: rboys= 0.63 and rgirls = 0.63 (for all correlations, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study showing strong, significant correlations between DXA and tibial QUS measurements suggests that tibial QUS is a technique that may be applicable in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-52
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000

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