Towards a contemporary, comprehensive scoring system for determining technical outcomes of hybrid percutaneous chronic total occlusion treatment: The RECHARGE score

Joren Maeremans, James C. Spratt, Paul Knaapen, Simon Walsh, Pierfrancesco Agostoni, William Wilson, Alexandre Avran, Benjamin Faurie, Erwan Bressollette, Peter Kayaert, Alan J. Bagnall, Dave Smith, Margaret B. Mcentegart, William H.T. Smith, Paul Kelly, John Irving, Elliot J. Smith, Julian W. Strange, Jo Dens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to create a contemporary scoring tool to predict technical outcomes of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from patients treated by hybrid operators with differing experience levels. Background: Current scoring systems need regular updating to cope with the positive evolutions regarding materials, techniques, and outcomes, while at the same time being applicable for a broad range of operators. Methods: Clinical and angiographic characteristics from 880 CTO-PCIs included in the REgistry of CrossBoss and Hybrid procedures in FrAnce, the NetheRlands, BelGium and UnitEd Kingdom (RECHARGE) were analyzed by using a derivation and validation set (2:1 ratio). Variables significantly associated with technical failure in the multivariable analysis were incorporated in the score. Subsequently, the discriminatory capacity was assessed and the validation set was used to compare with the J-CTO score and PROGRESS scores. Results: Technical success in the derivation and validation sets was 83% and 85%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified six parameters associated with technical failure: blunt stump (beta coefficient (b) = 1.014); calcification (b=0.908); tortuosity ≥45° (b=0.964); lesion length 20 mm (b=0.556); diseased distal landing zone (b=0.794), and previous bypass graft on CTO vessel (b=0.833). Score variables remained significant after bootstrapping. The RECHARGE score showed better discriminatory capacity in both sets (area-under-the-curve (AUC) = 0.783 and 0.711), compared to the J-CTO (AUC=0.676) and PROGRESS (AUC=0.608) scores. Conclusions: The RECHARGE score is a novel, easy-to-use tool for assessing the risk for technical failure in hybrid CTO-PCI and has the potential to perform well for a broad community of operators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-202
Number of pages11
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

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