TOXview: a novel graphical presentation of cancer treatment toxicity profiles

Lok Lam Ngai, Emil ter Veer, H. ctor G. van den Boorn, E. Hugo van Herk, Jessy Joy van Kleef, Martijn G. H. van Oijen, Hanneke W. M. van Laarhoven

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Toxicity profiles play a crucial role in the choice between specific palliative chemotherapy regimens. To optimize the quality of life for cancer patients, patients should be adequately informed about potential toxicities before undergoing chemotherapy. Therefore, we constructed TOXviews, a novel graphical presentation and overview of toxicity profiles to improve information provision about adverse events. As an example, we analyzed first-line chemotherapy regimens for advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC). Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ASCO and ESMO for prospective phase II or III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on palliative first-line systemic treatment for AEGC until February 2017. We extracted proportions of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 1–2 (mild) and 3–4 (severe) adverse events from each chemotherapy arm and pooled these by using single-arm meta-analysis. Toxicity profiles per chemotherapy regimen were visualized in bidirectional bar charts with pooled proportions plus 95% confidence intervals. For comparative analysis, chemotherapy regimens were grouped in singlets, doublets and triplets. Results: We included 92 RCTs with a total of 16,963 patients. TOXviews for 3 fluoropyrimidine singlets, 5 cisplatin-containing doublets (C-doublets), 10 fluoropyrimidine non-cisplatin containing doublets (F-doublets), 4 anthracycline-containing triplets (A-triplets) and 5 taxane-containing triplets (T-triplets) were constructed. C-doublets, A-triplets and T-triplets all showed an increased incidence of grade 3–4 adverse events and clinically relevant grade 1–2 adverse events compared to F-doublets. Conclusion: TOXview provides a new graphical presentation and overview of chemotherapy toxicities. TOXviews can be used to educate physicians about the incidences of AEs of systemic therapy and improve informed decision-making.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1148
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume58
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Ngai, L. L., ter Veer, E., van den Boorn, H. C. G., van Herk, E. H., van Kleef, J. J., van Oijen, M. G. H., & van Laarhoven, H. W. M. (2019). TOXview: a novel graphical presentation of cancer treatment toxicity profiles. Acta Oncologica, 58(8), 1138-1148. https://doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2019.1601256