Trajectories of metabolic risk factors and biochemical markers prior to the onset of type 2 diabetes: the population-based longitudinal Doetinchem study

G Hulsegge, A M W Spijkerman, Y T van der Schouw, S J L Bakker, R T Gansevoort, H A Smit, W M M Verschuren

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Background:Risk factors often develop at young age and are maintained over time, but it is not fully understood how risk factors develop over time preceding type 2 diabetes. We examined how levels and trajectories of metabolic risk factors and biochemical markers prior to diagnosis differ between persons with and without type 2 diabetes over 15-20 years.Methods:A total of 355 incident type 2 diabetes cases (285 self-reported, 70 with random glucose [egs]11.1 mmol l-1 ) and 2130 controls were identified in a prospective cohort between 1987-2012. Risk factors were measured at 5-year intervals. Trajectories preceding case ascertainment were analysed using generalised estimating equations.Results:Among participants with a 21-year follow-up period, those with type 2 diabetes had higher levels of metabolic risk factors and biochemical markers 15-20 years before case ascertainment. Subsequent trajectories were more unfavourable in participants with type 2 diabetes for body mass index (BMI), HDL cholesterol and glucose (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e270
JournalNutrition and Diabetes
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2017

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