Trans-diagnostic comparison of response inhibition in Tourette’s disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder

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Abstract

Objectives: Impaired response inhibition is related to neurodevelopmental disorders, such as Tourette’s disorder (TD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Unlike OCD, in which neural correlates of response inhibition have been extensively studied, TD literature is limited. By using a Stop-Signal task, we investigated the neural mechanisms underlying response inhibition deficits in TD compared to OCD and healthy controls (HCs). Methods: Twenty-three TD patients, 20 OCD patients and 22 HCs were scanned (3T MRI). Region-of-interest analyses were performed between TD, OCD and HCs. Results: Performance was similar across all subject groups. During inhibition TD compared with HCs showed higher right inferior parietal cortex (IPC) activation. During error processing TD compared with HCs showed hyperactivity in the left cerebellum, right mesencephalon, and right insula. Three-group comparison showed an effect of group for error-related activation in the supplementary motor area (SMA). Post-hoc analyses showed higher error-related SMA activity in TD compared with OCD and HCs. Error-related left cerebellar activity correlated positively with tic severity. Conclusions: Hyperactivation of IPC during inhibition and a widespread hyperactivated network during error processing in TD suggest compensatory inhibition- and error-related circuit recruitment to boost task performance. The lack of overlap with activation pattern in OCD suggests such compensatory mechanism is TD-specific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-537
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2018

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