To analyze whether the phenotypic abnormalities observed in lymphotoxin-alpha(-/-) (LT alpha-/-) mice are intrinsic to the hemolymphoid system itself or dependent on stromal elements, wild-type (WT) mice were reconstituted with bone marrow (BM) cells enriched for hemopoietic stem cells from LT alpha-/- animals. WT mice reconstituted with LT alpha-/- c-kit+ Lin- Sca-1+ BM cells do not maintain follicular dendritic cell (FDC) networks and do not form primary follicles, while clear segregation of B and T cells could be observed. Furthermore, IgM+ IgD- B cells, MOMA-1 (anti-metallophilic macrophages), ERTR-9 (anti-marginal zone macrophages), and MECA-367 (anti-MAdCAM-1) were all absent from the splenic marginal zone. Surprisingly, however, the expression of MOMA-1, ERTR-9, and MAdCAM-1 was normal in the lymph nodes of mice reconstituted with LT alpha-/- cells. In addition, peanut agglutinin-positive germinal centers were observed in both the spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes, although in the absence of detectable FDC. Furthermore, in animals reconstituted with a mixture of LT alpha-/- and WT c-kit+ Lin- Sca-1+, GC contained either predominantly LT alpha-/- B cells or WT B cells. These results suggest that although the formation of primary follicles, FDC networks, and the splenic marginal zone are all dependent on hemopoietically derived LT alpha, germinal center formation and the expression of MAdCAM-1, MOMA-1, and ERTR-9 in lymph nodes are not. Our results also suggest that the disturbed B-T cell separation in LT alpha-/- mice is unrelated to defects in the marginal zone.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 1998|