Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting

Laurent Garderet, Gordon Cook, Holger W Auner, Benedetto Bruno, Henk Lokhorst, Jose Antonio Perez-Simon, Firoozeh Sahebi, Christof Scheid, Curly Morris, Anja van Biezen, Mohamad Sobh, Mauricette Michallet, Gösta Gahrton, Stefan Schönland, Nicolaus Kröger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

Major improvements have been made in the treatment of myeloma. However, all patients, perhaps with some exceptions, eventually relapse, even after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In that setting, the combinations of new drugs, namely the IMiDs and the proteasome inhibitors along with steroids, give encouraging results in relapsed patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) is 20 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus ixazomib and 26 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus carfilzomib. Monoclonal antibodies have emerged as an additional new treatment option. The antibody anti-SLAMF7, elotuzumab, in combination with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone gives a median PFS of 20 months. The antibody daratumumab, targeting CD38, alone has an outstanding activity in previously heavily treated patients. Its use in combination is ongoing. Transplantation remains a major treatment option. For patients who relapse at least 18 months from the initial ASCT, a second ASCT can be performed with an expected time to progression of 19 months from the time of transplantation. For patients relapsing earlier and/or with high-risk characteristics and who are still chemosensitive, with a suitable donor, an allogeneic transplantation can be considered. The optimal treatment combination and sequence remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2016

Cite this

Garderet, L., Cook, G., Auner, H. W., Bruno, B., Lokhorst, H., Perez-Simon, J. A., ... Kröger, N. (2016). Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting. Leukemia and Lymphoma, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2016.1228926
Garderet, Laurent ; Cook, Gordon ; Auner, Holger W ; Bruno, Benedetto ; Lokhorst, Henk ; Perez-Simon, Jose Antonio ; Sahebi, Firoozeh ; Scheid, Christof ; Morris, Curly ; van Biezen, Anja ; Sobh, Mohamad ; Michallet, Mauricette ; Gahrton, Gösta ; Schönland, Stefan ; Kröger, Nicolaus. / Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting. In: Leukemia and Lymphoma. 2016 ; pp. 1-12.
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abstract = "Major improvements have been made in the treatment of myeloma. However, all patients, perhaps with some exceptions, eventually relapse, even after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In that setting, the combinations of new drugs, namely the IMiDs and the proteasome inhibitors along with steroids, give encouraging results in relapsed patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) is 20 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus ixazomib and 26 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus carfilzomib. Monoclonal antibodies have emerged as an additional new treatment option. The antibody anti-SLAMF7, elotuzumab, in combination with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone gives a median PFS of 20 months. The antibody daratumumab, targeting CD38, alone has an outstanding activity in previously heavily treated patients. Its use in combination is ongoing. Transplantation remains a major treatment option. For patients who relapse at least 18 months from the initial ASCT, a second ASCT can be performed with an expected time to progression of 19 months from the time of transplantation. For patients relapsing earlier and/or with high-risk characteristics and who are still chemosensitive, with a suitable donor, an allogeneic transplantation can be considered. The optimal treatment combination and sequence remain to be determined.",
author = "Laurent Garderet and Gordon Cook and Auner, {Holger W} and Benedetto Bruno and Henk Lokhorst and Perez-Simon, {Jose Antonio} and Firoozeh Sahebi and Christof Scheid and Curly Morris and {van Biezen}, Anja and Mohamad Sobh and Mauricette Michallet and G{\"o}sta Gahrton and Stefan Sch{\"o}nland and Nicolaus Kr{\"o}ger",
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Garderet, L, Cook, G, Auner, HW, Bruno, B, Lokhorst, H, Perez-Simon, JA, Sahebi, F, Scheid, C, Morris, C, van Biezen, A, Sobh, M, Michallet, M, Gahrton, G, Schönland, S & Kröger, N 2016, 'Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting' Leukemia and Lymphoma, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2016.1228926

Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting. / Garderet, Laurent; Cook, Gordon; Auner, Holger W; Bruno, Benedetto; Lokhorst, Henk; Perez-Simon, Jose Antonio; Sahebi, Firoozeh; Scheid, Christof; Morris, Curly; van Biezen, Anja; Sobh, Mohamad; Michallet, Mauricette; Gahrton, Gösta; Schönland, Stefan; Kröger, Nicolaus.

In: Leukemia and Lymphoma, 21.09.2016, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Treatment options for relapse after autograft in multiple myeloma - report from an EBMT educational meeting

AU - Garderet, Laurent

AU - Cook, Gordon

AU - Auner, Holger W

AU - Bruno, Benedetto

AU - Lokhorst, Henk

AU - Perez-Simon, Jose Antonio

AU - Sahebi, Firoozeh

AU - Scheid, Christof

AU - Morris, Curly

AU - van Biezen, Anja

AU - Sobh, Mohamad

AU - Michallet, Mauricette

AU - Gahrton, Gösta

AU - Schönland, Stefan

AU - Kröger, Nicolaus

PY - 2016/9/21

Y1 - 2016/9/21

N2 - Major improvements have been made in the treatment of myeloma. However, all patients, perhaps with some exceptions, eventually relapse, even after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In that setting, the combinations of new drugs, namely the IMiDs and the proteasome inhibitors along with steroids, give encouraging results in relapsed patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) is 20 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus ixazomib and 26 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus carfilzomib. Monoclonal antibodies have emerged as an additional new treatment option. The antibody anti-SLAMF7, elotuzumab, in combination with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone gives a median PFS of 20 months. The antibody daratumumab, targeting CD38, alone has an outstanding activity in previously heavily treated patients. Its use in combination is ongoing. Transplantation remains a major treatment option. For patients who relapse at least 18 months from the initial ASCT, a second ASCT can be performed with an expected time to progression of 19 months from the time of transplantation. For patients relapsing earlier and/or with high-risk characteristics and who are still chemosensitive, with a suitable donor, an allogeneic transplantation can be considered. The optimal treatment combination and sequence remain to be determined.

AB - Major improvements have been made in the treatment of myeloma. However, all patients, perhaps with some exceptions, eventually relapse, even after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In that setting, the combinations of new drugs, namely the IMiDs and the proteasome inhibitors along with steroids, give encouraging results in relapsed patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) is 20 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus ixazomib and 26 months with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone plus carfilzomib. Monoclonal antibodies have emerged as an additional new treatment option. The antibody anti-SLAMF7, elotuzumab, in combination with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone gives a median PFS of 20 months. The antibody daratumumab, targeting CD38, alone has an outstanding activity in previously heavily treated patients. Its use in combination is ongoing. Transplantation remains a major treatment option. For patients who relapse at least 18 months from the initial ASCT, a second ASCT can be performed with an expected time to progression of 19 months from the time of transplantation. For patients relapsing earlier and/or with high-risk characteristics and who are still chemosensitive, with a suitable donor, an allogeneic transplantation can be considered. The optimal treatment combination and sequence remain to be determined.

U2 - 10.1080/10428194.2016.1228926

DO - 10.1080/10428194.2016.1228926

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Leukemia and Lymphoma

JF - Leukemia and Lymphoma

SN - 1042-8194

ER -