Triad of physical activity, aerobic fitness and obesity in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele

Transition Research Group South-West Netherlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Comprehensively and objectively assess physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele and to investigate their relationships.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

SUBJECTS: Fifty-one persons (26 males) with myelomeningocele aged 21.1 (standard deviation) 4.5) years.

METHODS: Physical activity was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Aerobic fitness was defined as the maximum oxygen uptake during the last minute of a maximal exercise test. Body fat was assessed using sum of 4 skin-folds and body mass index. Correlations were studied using multiple regression analyses.

RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the participants were inactive and another 37% were extremely inactive. Aerobic fitness was 42% lower than normative values and 35% were obese. Ambulatory status was related to daily physical activity (beta = 0.541), aerobic fitness (beta = 0.397) and body fat (beta = -0.243). Gender was related to aerobic fitness (beta = -0.529) and body fat (beta = 0.610). Physical activity was related to aerobic fitness in non-ambulatory persons with myelomeningocele (beta = 0.398), but not in ambulatory persons.

CONCLUSION: Adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele were physically inactive, had poor aerobic fitness and high body fat. Differences exist between subgroups regarding gender and ambulatory status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-5
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Cite this

@article{607adfbe35f045e09e0e2cc3f2dc12fb,
title = "Triad of physical activity, aerobic fitness and obesity in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Comprehensively and objectively assess physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele and to investigate their relationships.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SUBJECTS: Fifty-one persons (26 males) with myelomeningocele aged 21.1 (standard deviation) 4.5) years.METHODS: Physical activity was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Aerobic fitness was defined as the maximum oxygen uptake during the last minute of a maximal exercise test. Body fat was assessed using sum of 4 skin-folds and body mass index. Correlations were studied using multiple regression analyses.RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the participants were inactive and another 37{\%} were extremely inactive. Aerobic fitness was 42{\%} lower than normative values and 35{\%} were obese. Ambulatory status was related to daily physical activity (beta = 0.541), aerobic fitness (beta = 0.397) and body fat (beta = -0.243). Gender was related to aerobic fitness (beta = -0.529) and body fat (beta = 0.610). Physical activity was related to aerobic fitness in non-ambulatory persons with myelomeningocele (beta = 0.398), but not in ambulatory persons.CONCLUSION: Adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele were physically inactive, had poor aerobic fitness and high body fat. Differences exist between subgroups regarding gender and ambulatory status.",
keywords = "Activities of Daily Living, Adipose Tissue/pathology, Adolescent, Adult, Body Composition, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Meningomyelocele/complications, Motor Activity, Obesity/etiology, Physical Fitness, Sex Factors",
author = "{Transition Research Group South-West Netherlands} and Buffart, {Laurien M} and Roebroeck, {Marij E} and Mathilde Rol and Stam, {Henk J} and {van den Berg-Emons}, {Rita J G}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
doi = "10.2340/16501977-0135",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "70--5",
journal = "Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine",
issn = "1650-1977",
publisher = "Foundation for Rehabilitation Information",
number = "1",

}

Triad of physical activity, aerobic fitness and obesity in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele. / Transition Research Group South-West Netherlands.

In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 70-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Triad of physical activity, aerobic fitness and obesity in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele

AU - Transition Research Group South-West Netherlands

AU - Buffart, Laurien M

AU - Roebroeck, Marij E

AU - Rol, Mathilde

AU - Stam, Henk J

AU - van den Berg-Emons, Rita J G

PY - 2008/1

Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Comprehensively and objectively assess physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele and to investigate their relationships.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SUBJECTS: Fifty-one persons (26 males) with myelomeningocele aged 21.1 (standard deviation) 4.5) years.METHODS: Physical activity was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Aerobic fitness was defined as the maximum oxygen uptake during the last minute of a maximal exercise test. Body fat was assessed using sum of 4 skin-folds and body mass index. Correlations were studied using multiple regression analyses.RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the participants were inactive and another 37% were extremely inactive. Aerobic fitness was 42% lower than normative values and 35% were obese. Ambulatory status was related to daily physical activity (beta = 0.541), aerobic fitness (beta = 0.397) and body fat (beta = -0.243). Gender was related to aerobic fitness (beta = -0.529) and body fat (beta = 0.610). Physical activity was related to aerobic fitness in non-ambulatory persons with myelomeningocele (beta = 0.398), but not in ambulatory persons.CONCLUSION: Adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele were physically inactive, had poor aerobic fitness and high body fat. Differences exist between subgroups regarding gender and ambulatory status.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Comprehensively and objectively assess physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele and to investigate their relationships.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SUBJECTS: Fifty-one persons (26 males) with myelomeningocele aged 21.1 (standard deviation) 4.5) years.METHODS: Physical activity was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Aerobic fitness was defined as the maximum oxygen uptake during the last minute of a maximal exercise test. Body fat was assessed using sum of 4 skin-folds and body mass index. Correlations were studied using multiple regression analyses.RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the participants were inactive and another 37% were extremely inactive. Aerobic fitness was 42% lower than normative values and 35% were obese. Ambulatory status was related to daily physical activity (beta = 0.541), aerobic fitness (beta = 0.397) and body fat (beta = -0.243). Gender was related to aerobic fitness (beta = -0.529) and body fat (beta = 0.610). Physical activity was related to aerobic fitness in non-ambulatory persons with myelomeningocele (beta = 0.398), but not in ambulatory persons.CONCLUSION: Adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele were physically inactive, had poor aerobic fitness and high body fat. Differences exist between subgroups regarding gender and ambulatory status.

KW - Activities of Daily Living

KW - Adipose Tissue/pathology

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Body Composition

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Meningomyelocele/complications

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Obesity/etiology

KW - Physical Fitness

KW - Sex Factors

U2 - 10.2340/16501977-0135

DO - 10.2340/16501977-0135

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 70

EP - 75

JO - Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

JF - Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

SN - 1650-1977

IS - 1

ER -