Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease typically affecting the colon. Patients with active UC have elevated tumor necrosis factor (TNF) concentrations in serum and colonic tissue. Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody directed against TNF and binds with high affinity. Target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) is reported for monoclonal antibodies meaning that their pharmacokinetics are affected by high target affinity. Here, a TMDD model is proposed to describe the interaction between infliximab and TNF in UC patients. Data from 20 patients with moderate to severe UC was used. Patients received standard infliximab induction therapy (5 mg kg−1) at week 0, followed by infusions at week 2 and 6. IFX, anti-drug antibodies and TNF serum concentrations were measured at day 0 (1 h after infusion), 1, 4, 7, 11, 14, 18, 21, 28 and 42. A binding model, TMDD model, and a quasi-steady state (QSS) approximation were evaluated using nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM). A two-compartment model best described the concentration–time profiles of infliximab. Typical clearance of infliximab was 0.404 L day−1 and increased with the presence of anti-drug antibodies and with lower albumin concentrations. The TMDD-QSS model best described the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics data. Estimate for TNF baseline (Bmax was 19.8 pg mL−1 and the dissociation constant (Kss) was 13.6 nM. This model could eventually be used to investigate the relationship between suppression of TNF and the response to IFX therapy.
Berends, S. E., van Steeg, T. J., Ahsman, M. J., Singh, S., Brandse, J. F., D’Haens, G. R. A. M., & Mathôt, R. A. A. (2019). Tumor necrosis factor-mediated disposition of infliximab in ulcerative colitis patients. Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, 46(6), 543-551. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10928-019-09652-5