Inflammatory reactions contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular conditions such as atherosclerosis and ischemic damage in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Among the mediators involved in inflammation are secretory phospholipase A2 group II (sPLA2-II) enzymes. Though some cells constitutively express sPLA2-II, the synthesis by cells such as hepatocytes is typical for an acute-phase reactant. Recent literature suggests multiple roles for sPLA2-II in cardiovascular disease. In this review we discuss the role of sPLA2-II in various in vivo and in vitro models of atherosclerosis or AMI, including the therapeutic perspective of sPLA2-II inhibitors. It was concluded that sPLA2-II appears to be an important inflammatory mediator of cardiovascular disease.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2003|