Introduction: Glioma patients show increased global brain network clustering related to poorer cognition and epilepsy. However, it is unclear whether this increase is spatially widespread, localized in the (peri)tumor region only, or decreases with distance from the tumor. Materials and Methods: Weighted global and local brain network clustering was determined in 71 glioma patients and 53 controls by using magnetoencephalography. Tumor clustering was determined by averaging local clustering of regions overlapping with the tumor, and vice versa for non-tumor regions. Euclidean distance was determined from the tumor centroid to the centroids of other regions. Results: Patients showed higher global clustering compared with controls. Clustering of tumor and non-tumor regions did not differ, and local clustering was not associated with distance from the tumor. Post hoc analyses revealed that in the patient group, tumors were located more often in regions with higher clustering in controls, but it seemed that tumors of patients with high global clustering were located more often in regions with lower clustering in controls. Conclusions: Glioma patients show non-local network disturbances. Tumors of patients with high global clustering may have a preferred localization, namely regions with lower clustering in controls, suggesting that tumor localization relates to the extent of network disruption. This work uses the innovative framework of network neuroscience to investigate functional connectivity patterns associated with brain tumors. Glioma (primary brain tumor) patients experience cognitive deficits and epileptic seizures, which have been related to brain network alterations. This study shows that glioma patients have a spatially widespread increase in global network clustering, which cannot be attributed to local effects of the tumor. Moreover, tumors occur more often in brain regions with higher network clustering in controls. This study emphasizes the global character of network alterations in glioma patients and suggests that preferred tumor locations are characterized by particular network profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-874
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Connectivity
Issue number10
Early online date5 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

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