Uptake of prenatal diagnostic testing for retinoblastoma compared to other hereditary cancer syndromes in the Netherlands

Charlotte J. Dommering*, Lidewij Henneman, Annemarie H. van der Hout, Marianne A. Jonker, Carli M. J. Tops, Ans M. W. van den Ouweland, Rob B. Van Der Luijt, Arjen R. Mensenkamp, Frans B L Hogervorst, Egbert J.W. Redeker, Christine E.M. de Die-Smulders, Annette C. Moll, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Since the 1980s the genetic cause of many hereditary tumor syndromes has been elucidated. As a consequence, carriers of a deleterious mutation in these genes may opt for prenatal diagnoses (PND). We studied the uptake of prenatal diagnosis for five hereditary cancer syndromes in the Netherlands. Uptake for retinoblastoma (Rb) was compared with uptake for Von Hippel–Lindau disease (VHL), Li–Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), and hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC). A questionnaire was completed by all nine DNA-diagnostic laboratories assessing the number of independent mutation-positive families identified from the start of diagnostic testing until May 2013, and the number of PNDs performed for these syndromes within these families. Of 187 families with a known Rb-gene mutation, 22 had performed PND (11.8%), this was significantly higher than uptake for FAP (1.6%) and HBOC (<0.2%). For VHL (6.5%) and LFS (4.9%) the difference was not statistically significant. PND for Rb started 3 years after introduction of diagnostic DNA testing and remained stable over the years. For the other cancer syndromes PND started 10–15 years after the introduction and uptake for PND showed an increase after 2009. We conclude that uptake of PND for Rb was significantly higher than for FAP and HBOC, but not different from VHL and LFS. Early onset, high penetrance, lack of preventive surgery and perceived burden of disease may explain these differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalFamilial Cancer
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

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