Objective The Neo-Tee Infant T-piece resuscitator is a disposable T-piece resuscitator. The aim of this bench study was to assess the accuracy of the Neo-Tee using a measurement set-up and settings mimicking clinical practice. Study design Nine Neo-Tee devices were tested using a face mask interface and a manikin. Pressures were set using the built-in manometer and simultaneously measured at the interface. Peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) were studied under static conditions and positive pressure ventilation (PPV), using a wide range of clinically relevant flows and pressures. Pressures were measured without adjusting for a possible offset of PIP and PEEP after switching from static pressures to PPV. In an additional subset of measurements, PIP/PEEP offsets on the Neo-Tee manometer after starting PPV were adjusted. Results Under static conditions, setting the PEEP level with the Neo-Tee manometer results in overestimation of the true PEEP applied at the airway opening, with a difference of approximately 1.5 cmH 2 O. When switching to PPV, this difference almost disappears. In contrast to PEEP, PIP levels measured at the airway opening were accurate. Adjusting PIP and PEEP on the built-in manometer after starting PPV was necessary in all measurements, but this did not improve the accuracy of the targeted pressure delivery, especially for PEEP. A gas flow rate of 5 L/min was insufficient to reach commonly used PEEP levels of 5 cmH 2 O. Conclusion The Neo-Tee T-piece resuscitator is accurate for delivering a static inflation and PPV, but not for delivering continuous positive airway pressure.
|Journal||Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|